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12/16/14

  08:19:00 pm, by admin, 157 words  
Categories: Ethiopia

Ethiopian Man could spend 12 yrs in jail in 2013 strangulation death of his wife

Ethiopian Man could spend 12 yrs in jail in 2013 strangulation death of his wife

HIGH POINT, North Carolina

An Ethiopian refugee will spend at least 12 years in prison after pleading guilty Tuesday in the 2013 strangulation death of his wife during a fight about money.

Arab Mohamed Ali, 35, was charged in February 2013 with the first-degree murder of 23-year-old Safaya Dadacha.

He struck a deal Tuesday with the High Point District Attorney’s Office and pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of second-degree murder, receiving a sentence between 12 and nearly 15-and-a-half years imprisonment with credit for time served.

High Point police responded the afternoon of Feb. 18, 2013, to 2113 Wingate Place in reference to a domestic violence call, prosecutor Christon Halkiotis said during the Tuesday proceedings. Ali called 911, she said.

Officers found Ali and the two children he had with Dadacha, ages 5 and 2, outside the residence. Dadacha was discovered on the floor inside, unresponsive, her head covered by a green cloth.

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  08:08:00 pm, by admin, 211 words  
Categories: Ethiopia

Ethiopian 'people's delegation' in Cairo for meetings

Ethiopian 'people's delegation' in Cairo for meetings

Source: Al Ahram

The delegation will meet with Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry on Thursday

An Ethiopian "people's delegation" arrived in Cairo on Tuesday to meet with diplomats, religious figures, university professors and journalists, according to an Egyptian foreign ministry statement.

Headed by the speaker of the Ethiopian parliament Abdulla Gemeda, the envoy will meet Egypt’s Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry on Thursday and Azhar’s Grand Sheikh Ahmed El-Tayyeb on Wednesday.

The group will hold meetings with the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs and the Al-Ahram Centre for Strategic Studies.

In recent years, relations between the two countries became strained amid Egyptian concerns about the possible effects of a dam under construction on the Blue Nile in Ethiopia. The Blue Nile is the largest tributary of the Nile, on which Egypt depends for the vast majority of its water. Cairo is concerned that Ethiopia's $4.2 billion dam project, which the Ethiopian government says is now 40 percent complete, could have an adverse effect on its water supply. However, recent diplomatic efforts appear to reduced tensions.

Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia were expected to consider international firm offers to conduct studies on the Grand Renaissance Dam on 4 December, but it was extended to mid-December following a request by several firms

  08:06:00 pm, by admin, 334 words  
Categories: Ethiopia

Ethiopia to Expand Energy, Industry With Eurobond Funds

Ethiopia to Expand Energy, Industry With Eurobond Funds

Reuters

ADDIS ABABA—

Ethiopia plans to expand industry, sugar factories and power production using proceeds from its oversubscribed debut Eurobond that raised $1 billion, the finance minister said on Tuesday.

Ethiopia is the latest African state to receive a strong response on its first foray into the international debt markets. Investors have been eyeing Africa's sturdy growth rates and Ethiopia's economy is now expanding by about 9 percent a year.

“This amount will be spent on industry zones planned for construction across the country soon. They will attract investment and generate foreign currency,” Finance Minister Sufian Ahmed told reporters.

Offering cheap labor and power supply, as well as improving transport and other infrastructure, Ethiopia aims to be a hub for textiles and other industries by attracting investors who are moving some manufacturing plants from China and other Asian markets, where costs are rising.

Ethiopia's government is setting up a new industrial park and expanding another at a total cost of $250 million as part of efforts to shift away from farming.

Another three manufacturing hubs are planned across the country in the next decade, including a Special Economic Zone in the eastern town of Dire Dawa of 3,000 to 20,000 hectares.

Plagued by power cuts, Ethiopia's bid to becoming a hub for manufacturing will depend on raising power production. The country plans to boost generating capacity to 10,000 megawatts from 2,000 MW now within three to five years.

Much of the additional power would be generated from the 6,000 MW Grand Renaissance Dam under construction on the Nile.

Sufian said some of the proceeds from the Eurobond will be used to construct transmission lines connecting Ethiopia with Djibouti, as well as building two sugar factories in the country's eastern and southern regions.

Despite strong growth, Ethiopia has limited hard currency earnings, making its debt-servicing capacity weaker than some African states. Analysts believe it will also be more difficult for Ethiopia to build foreign reserves, which now cover little more than two months of imports.

  08:04:00 pm, by admin, 149 words  
Categories: Ethiopia

Ethiopia's 'Islam Lesson' for the West

Ethiopia's 'Islam Lesson' for the West

Yet another Christian church was destroyed by Muslims in Ethiopia—this time by local authorities.

Heaven's Light Church, which served some 100 evangelical Christians, was demolished last November 28. The church had stood and functioned in the Muslim-majority city of Harar for five years. In the days preceding the destruction, officials forcibly removed the church's exterior sign and warned believers not to worship there, citing complaints by a local Muslim. Officials further told church members who had previously congregated at the church "not to gather under what remains of the church building." Accordingly, Christians are now meeting in homes of individual believers.

Prior to the demolition of the church, when some Christian leaders protested, they were illegally detained, released only after community members, "outraged by the wrongful detentions," called "for their immediate release," reported International Christian Concern, a rights advocacy group supporting the Christians:

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  08:01:00 pm, by admin, 868 words  
Categories: Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s rapid growth: Miracle or mirage?

Ethiopia’s rapid growth: Miracle or mirage?

December 14 2014 at 10:42am

By William Gumede

Source: Independent

Ethiopia, like many of Africa’s new growing economies, began achieving high growth rates from a low base, writes William Gumede.

Thirty years ago, in 1984, Ethiopia was plunged into a terrifying famine, with hundreds of thousands starving to death and the economy in freefall.

For aboutt 10 years, the country has notched up double-digit economic growth rates. The average annual rate in the past 10 years has been 10.9 percent, according to figures from the African Development Bank.

By contrast, other sub-Saharan African economies grew 5.4 percent on average in the same period.

By the end of the 2012-13 fiscal year, Ethiopia’s economy had grown by 9.7 percent, according to the 2014 Economic Report on Africa from the UN Economic Commission for Africa. This year it will probably show bumper growth.

Ethiopia, like many of Africa’s new growing economies, began achieving high growth rates from a low base. Of course, in spite of its stellar growth, Ethiopia remains one of the poorest countries in the world.

It wants to become a middle-income country by 2025. This is defined by the World Bank as a country with a gross national income for each person of about $1 430 (about R16 500) a year. Ethiopia’s figure is low: $470 compared with $3 187 in Egypt and $7 508 in South Africa.

What is fuelling Ethiopia’s high growth rates? The large services sector and agricultural production have been significant factors. The country’s main exports include coffee, horticultural products and livestock.

Agriculture has been increasingly commercialised. Services are the largest sector because of the rapid increases in the size of the public sector, in financial intermediation, public administration and in retail business activities.

Ethiopia’s public investment has been driven mostly by the state. For example, two thirds of Ethiopia’s 8.5 percent GDP growth in 2011-12 were due to public investment, according to the World Bank.

Public investment in Ethiopia is the third highest in the world as a percentage of GDP and private investment is the sixth lowest, according to World Bank figures.

A large sum has been injected into a massive infrastructure drive that includes a multibillion-dollar plan to build a hydro-power dam on the Nile.

Ethiopia has spent more than $3.6 billion on road construction in the past 10 years. There has also been a dedicated effort to improve access to basic public services.

Remittances by Ethiopians living abroad to relatives and investment have risen considerably, contributing to the growth spurt. The World Bank estimates that Ethiopia gets about $3.5bn a year from its diaspora. It is reckoned that 14 percent of adult Ethiopians receive on average $600 in remittances from relatives – in five transfers a year on average.

About 20 percent of the national budget is from foreign aid and loans.

Ethiopia has made significant progress in slashing red tape, trying to make it easier for residents to set up businesses. To stimulate Ethiopian industry, the country has closed major sectors, including retail, transport, banking and telecoms to foreigners.

Importantly, it is one African country that has built a manufacturing industry from an almost zero base, as part of a dedicated strategy.

The country has used its large cattle stocks to produce leather products and is exporting leather shoes to the US and the EU.

Can Ethiopia sustain the growth and make it more inclusive?

Its high growth rate mimics a classical economic take-off phase. Many African countries experience such growth after decades of economic stagnation and political instability. The challenge is to make such economic take-offs sustainable.

Initial state investment-led growth reaches a point where it needs to pull in the private sector by creating a critical mass of new industries or by forging partnerships with foreign companies. Over the past 50 years, many African countries have been unable to replace initial growth with growth in the private sector.

Ethiopia’s Growth and Transformation Plan is not giving attention to this. Sadly, almost every African country has yet to learn this painful lesson from 50 years of post-independence development.

As the African Development Bank points out, Ethiopia’s economy is vulnerable to exogenous shocks because of its dependence on primary commodities and rain-fed agriculture. Any slight global changes in the prices of coffee or fuel can destabilise the economy.

Agriculture has been expanded by extending the area of cultivated land, not by increasing production.

Ethiopia is one of the few African countries that have genuinely focused on building a manufacturing base that can create a sizeable number of jobs and substantially undo poverty and inequality. However, the manufacturing sector is contributing less than 5 percent of GDP growth. Ethiopia needs a well thought-out industrial policy to diversify its economy.

Growth, as in many African countries, is benefiting only small elites. According to a survey by the consultancy New World Health, between 2007 and last year, Ethiopia had the most new dollar millionaires in Africa. Most of the beneficiaries are the elites linked to the ruling Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front.

The lack of genuine democracy and the crushing of critical voices is undermining the potential for higher economic growth rates.

*Gumede is chairman of the Democracy Works Foundation. His latest book is: South Africa in Brics: Salvation or Ruination, Tafelberg (http:// www.amazon.com/Tafelberg-Short-Africa-Salvation-ruination-ebook/ dp/B00FRHV7LC)

** The views expressed here are not necessarily those of Independent Media.

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