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'Ethiopia's economic progress good' -WB
Addis Ababa - Ethiopia was making good progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and has achieved remarkable results in key areas, according to the World Bank.
The World Bank’s Africa Development Indicators 2006 report (ADI 2006) provides a detailed collection of data on 53 African countries using material from 1965 to 2004. It singles Ethiopia out for praise in key areas and gave the country a high overall rating. Improvements in education indicators were noted. In 1991 only 27 percent of Ethiopian children attended school, while the gross enrollement rate was up to 77 percent in 2004, before reaching 85 percent this month said the report.
The ADI 2006 confirmed that 16 African countries have has sustained annual GDP growth rates in excess of 4.5 percent since the mid-1990s. Ethiopia’s recent progress in this domain was underrepresented as the country has shown a rate of growth of about 9 percent for the past three years and was on course to increase this into double figures in the coming few years.
Ethiopia was in the top category for “policies of social inclusion and equity” and also in the domain of “economic management”.
The report also stated that Ethiopia did exceptionally well in the domain of “structural policies” and “public sector management and institutions”.
In the section on “improving public sector management” the report stated that “the public sector is critical for good governance and development. To address existing dysfunctions in the civil service, countries are reforming the civil service with differing emphases”. The report added that this included decentralisation and capacity development programmes.
Regarding setting up a business in Ethiopia, the report stated that it took about 30 days to set up shop, but that there have been vast improvements in the past two years since the report’s research was concluded. Land for a business, for example, now took hours to acquire rather than days or weeks as was previously the case.
"While economic outcomes are increasingly diverse, Africa has made near uniform progress in social outcomes, notably education and health," explained John Page, the World Bank's Chief Economist for Africa, adding that the per capita income of African countries were now increasing in tandem with other developing countries.
"Gross primary enrollment rates as a share of the relevant age group - a standard indicator of investment in the poor - shot up to 93 percent in 2004 from 72 percent in 1990, contributing to a rise in literacy rates from 50 percent in 1997 to 65 percent in 2002," said Page. He regretted that success increasing primary enrollments from 70 percent in 1991 to above 90 percent in 2004 has not been mirrored in secondary and tertiary education in Africa.
-Business in Africa Online
Population 70 Million
GNI Per Capita $110
GDP $9.7 Billion
GDP Growth 12.3%
Gross secondary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 28%
Gross tertiary enrollment, total (% of relevant age group) 2%
Life expectancy at birth (years) 42
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live births) 110
Births attended by skilled health staff (% of total) 6%
HIV prevalence (% ages 15–49) 4.4
Improved water source (% of urban population with access) 81
Improved water source (% of rural population with access) 11
Improved sanitation (% of urban population with access) 4
Improved sanitation (% of rural population with access) 19
Telephone subscribers (per 1,000 people) 8
Households with own telephone (% of urban households) 8
Internet users (per 1,000 people) 2
Rural residents within 2 km of all-season road (%) 17
Source: The Little Data Book (World Bank)