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Ethiopia - 2007 State Department report on human trafficking in Ethiopia

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06/14/07

  10:08:46 am, by admin, 791 words  
Categories: Ethiopia

Ethiopia - 2007 State Department report on human trafficking in Ethiopia

2007 State Department report on human trafficking in Ethiopia

ETHIOPIA (Tier 2)


Ethiopia is a source country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation. Rural children and adults are trafficked internally to urban areas for domestic servitude and, to a lesser extent, for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor, such as in street vending, traditional weaving, or agriculture. Ethiopian women are trafficked primarily to Lebanon and Saudi Arabia for domestic servitude; other destinations include Bahrain, Djibouti, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, the U.A.E., and Yemen. Small percentages of these women are trafficked into the sex trade after arriving at their destinations. Small numbers of men are trafficked to Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States for low-skilled forced labor. Some Ethiopian women have been trafficked onward from Lebanon to Turkey and Greece.

The Government of Ethiopia does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. While Ethiopia's ongoing efforts to detect cases of child trafficking within the country are notable, its weak record of prosecuting these crimes is a continued cause for concern. To further its anti-trafficking efforts, the government should improve the investigative capacity of police and enhance judicial understanding of trafficking to allow for more convictions of traffickers.

Prosecution
While the government's efforts to investigate trafficking cases significantly increased during the reporting period, prosecution of cases referred to the prosecutor's office remained inadequate. Ethiopia's penal code prohibits all forms of trafficking for labor and sexual exploitation; those violating these statutes face from 5 to 20 years' imprisonment, punishments that are sufficiently stringent and exceed those prescribed for other grave crimes. Proclamation 104/98, which governs the work of international employment agencies, was revised in 2006 and awaits parliamentary ratification. During the year, 925 cases of child trafficking were reported to the police, a significant increase over the previous year. Of these, 67 cases were referred to the prosecutor's office. In September, one trafficker was convicted and sentenced to 13 years in prison and a $596 fine for forcing two children into domestic servitude. Twenty-three cases are pending prosecution, and the remaining 43 were closed for lack of evidence or absconded defendants. During the year, police in Awassa and Shashemene apprehended at least 10 traffickers traveling with children intended for sale to farmers in the Oromiya region. Some local police and border control agents are believed to accept bribes to overlook trafficking.

Protection
Though the government lacks the resources to provide material assistance to trafficking victims, a joint police-NGO child victim identification and referral mechanism operates in the capital. The Child Protection Units (CPUs) in each Addis Ababa police station rescued and collected information on trafficked children that facilitated their return to their families; the CPUs referred 240 trafficked children to IOM and local NGOs for care in 2006. Local police and administrators assisted in the repatriation of trafficked children to their home regions. The government did not provide financial or other support to NGOs that cared for victims. Ethiopian officials abroad received no training on recognizing or responding to human trafficking and remain largely uninformed of the issue. Ethiopia's consulate in Beirut, for example, dispensed limited legal advice to victims and referred them to church and NGO partners for assistance. While authorities did not detain or prosecute repatriated trafficking victims, they made no effort to interview returned victims about their experiences in the Middle East.

Prevention
Ethiopia's efforts to prevent international trafficking increased, but measures to increase awareness of internal trafficking were lacking. In 2006, the Ministry of Labor (MOLSA) licensed 19 additional employment agencies to send workers to the Middle East. In mid-2006, its counselors began offering a pre-departure orientation, providing 8,359 prospective migrants with information on the risks of irregular migration. MOLSA, in conjunction with the Ethiopian consulate in Lebanon, verified and approved labor contracts for 8,200 workers; some of these contracts reportedly originated from black market brokers rather than legitimate migrants independently securing employment. In late 2006 and early 2007, police apprehended several illegal "employment agents" attempting to deceive potential migrants with fraudulent job offers from the Middle East; the cases are under investigation. The inter-ministerial counter-trafficking task force met monthly during the second half of the year and, in November 2006 and January 2007, conducted two three-day training workshops in Addis Ababa and Nazareth for 105 participants, including high court judges, national labor bureau personnel, and police commissioners. It also gave three 25-minute awareness-raising interviews on national radio. National radio aired IOM's weekly anti-trafficking program and, in December, national television aired a documentary highlighting the problem of trafficking. Ethiopia has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol.


Source: State Department

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10 comments

Comment from: Nbraga [Visitor]
Nbraga

What do you expect from gorilla leaders?

06/14/07 @ 10:17
Comment from: SK [Visitor]
SK

It is all about MONEY and the need to make ends meet. If they were able to sustian a descent life they would not have to go to another country and be made vicitm. SK

06/14/07 @ 10:29
Comment from: Maferia [Visitor]
Maferia

The success story is what TPLF is going to celebrate in their dismantling and destroying Ethiopia and its people.
Does this bother the Tigray shifta?
Huray Woyane!

06/14/07 @ 10:44
Comment from: buju [Visitor]
buju

This is new to ETHIOPIA unlike thailand,the philippines and the rest of south and south east asia.Under woyane our country has sank to a level unseen priviously.Woyane is busy looting and killing and will not do anything to curb this inhumanity as meles is the flag bearer of brutality,theft,last but not least killing people on a large scale.

06/14/07 @ 12:45
Comment from: Misir [Visitor]
Misir

I do not think that the state deparment
had shortage of information concerning
those who were involved in human
traficking of Ethiopians housemades to
the middle east ,specially to Beirut,
unless it does not want to disclose
the fact for some reasons.

I was the ex-diplomat at the Beirut
consulate. The consular and top
officials at the MFA were a partner
and share holder of Meskerem Employment
Agency what they call the legal Agency.

What do you mean be legal. This agency
had its own prison (in Beirut) like other
agencies. Ethiopians face the same
problem (forced sex, harassment, un paid
wage, beaten, prisoned and , etc)as
before. When they came to the consulate
for help, they were taken to the agency.

Do you think the government officials
have an interst to protect the right of
its Citizens??? From my experience,They never
never dream it.

God save his people!

06/14/07 @ 13:11
Comment from: girmachew [Visitor]
girmachew

All of we Ethiopians have to strugle to stop this “asafafari dirgit".
“CHILDREN TRAFFIKERS HAVE TO STOP TRAFFIKING CHILDREN FROM RURAL TO URBAN!”

06/14/07 @ 14:05
Comment from: Mazash [Visitor]
Mazash

Misir,

Thank you for this precious information.

06/14/07 @ 15:29
Comment from: Sammy [Visitor]
Sammy

Illegal trafficking is a multi-million dollar business, most of involved such activities are close government officials who benifitted out of child labor, it is not about the law but to enforce it, since it is officials business, there is no one to protect the smuggling, the children fate after migrate to oil rich country for labor and sexual exploitation well documented.

06/14/07 @ 18:09
Comment from: Woytata [Visitor]
Woytata

Well said Misir-many thanks U enlightened us from ur exprience.
It’s sad and I’m really gutted by what has happened and happening in our sisters and counterpars, easpecially in Middle East. It’s the bad governance and bad policy of EPDRF/TPLF regime that forces people (Ethiopians)to leave their beloved country and risk their precious life with all sort of adversity. I said bad policy of EPDRF/TPLF because if they had a good policy and strategy in order to cut short the high rate unemployment with creation of better job opportunity, no-one would have fled persecution & maltreated by the relentless rich Arabs.

Down with TPLF

06/14/07 @ 20:33
Comment from: omo [Visitor]
omo

Peace, democracy and economic development in Ethiopia are the obvious solutions to human trafficking; and there should be a government that can deliver all these, so that our people can be free of this scourge of the modern world.
The chance for education should be accompanied by job opportunity and self employment, and our young people should be able to live and prosper in their own land.
An ethnic government that monopolizes the economy of a country it rules and opens the chance for economic development and economic prosperity exclusively to its ethnic group is a recipe for more misery and exodus.

06/15/07 @ 06:02

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