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Ethiopia - New national university entrance exam approved
By Kirubel Tadesse
Ethiopia's Government has approved a new national exam students will have to take to join university, Capital learnt.
According to sources, the Ministry of Education of Ethiopia (MoE) will shortly announce the changes made in the exam that preparatory program grade 12 students take at the end of the year.
Replacing the old curriculum’s Ethiopian School Leaving Certificate Examination (E.S.L.C.E), it was back in 2001 that the first batch of the new education policy students took the new Ethiopian General Secondary Education Certificate exam at grade ten.
The Education Ministry uses the students score to divide them in to two groups: one gets sent to various vocational programs, while the second group goes on a two years preparatory program in order to go to university.
Students who successfully complete the two year preparatory program will take the final national exam – the Ethiopian Higher Education Entrance Certificate Examination. Their score in this test determines what studies they will take, if any. It is this exam, first launched in 2003, the Education Ministry has decided to change next academic year.
Grade 12 students, including this year’s, took a national exam that contains five subjects, while the newly approved exam has seven.
The new exam to be announced will keep English, math, civics and aptitude subjects, but eliminate general science and social science for natural and social science students, respectively.
Each subject, a total of five, is marked out of 100, but now the eliminated two subjects from each side will each be divided into three, taking the overall grade point to 700.
All students will sit seven exams, with physics, biology and chemistry added for natural science students, while geography, history and economics are added for social science students.
“Basically for social science students, the social science subject, which now comprises three subjects, will be divided in to three separate exams, and the same for natural science students who used to take general science exam, they will sit physics, biology and chemistry exams starting from next academic year,” a source explained to Capital.
“Most students go for a degree program that would focus on one of the subjects now compressed in just one exam, therefore encouraging them to devote a little time to general and social science exams since the two only count for 100 out of 500 total grading, while other subjects like English and civics have 100 points each,” the source added, explaining why the change was necessary.
“The first entrance exam excluded civics’ exam and it was graded out of 400. In the following year, civics was included and the exam numbered five subjects so it is always necessary to keep improving exams to better assess students,” the source also said.
The new entrance exam to be announced looks more like a Grade 10 exam where students sit for nine exams and graded by seven best, but making math and English compulsory.
The entrance exam change is part of a broader reform agenda the Education Ministry is planning.
It wants most of the preparatory students to focus on natural studies so that at completion at least 70 per cent of them join natural science programs.
Official data shows that this year’s freshmen in natural science fields studying in 22 state-run universities are only 51 per cent from the total enrollment.
“Next academic year enrollment will take the share to 60 per cent and 2011 should be the desired 70 percentage share,” one expert outlined the targets.
The break down of the seventy percentage share is forty per cent for computing and engineering fields, while 20 per cent enrollment goes to other basic natural sciences fields, such as applied physics and biology; health studies and agriculture will each take five per cent.
The 30 per cent for social science is split in to two: 20 per cent for business and economics students and 10 per cent for social studies.
The whole point behind the 70/30 divide is to produce professionals in industry and technology fields that will have both the quantity and quality to realise a transformation of the emerging economy. This is an approach the Government says has proved successful in the best performing European and Asian economies.
students in Tigray will be the major beneficiaries since they dont have to go through the 10th grade hurdle like the rest of the country.
Somebody help me here, Is this exam significantly different from ESLCE that we took back in the old days? May be the civic part added?
Good point, jiraatu. All things should be questioned and the truth shall be told!!
Soory, nobody will believe you with your todays fabrication. Everybody knows that Ethiopian General Secondary Education Certificate exam is given for grade ten in every part of Ethiopia.
True or False?
C, non of the above
D, all of the above
E, no comment
Jartuu the moron
How is Tigray going to benefit by failing students from other parts of the country?
You are showing your way of thinking inadvertly. We don’t think like that. And i hope more people don’t. Hasn’t EPRDF help build so many colleges all over the country?
You think you will fare better if your neighbour is doing bad?
to answer binor’s question, the exam that was used to given in the previous 5 years were quite different than ESLCE. ESLCE (moreover for natural science students) did not include subjects like calculus, vectors and logics. however, under the new exam, not only these subjects will be included, but also they will be drafted in a way that students can have enough glimse of these subjects so that they will have knowledge of these subjects at universities standard.
Is it true Tigrai has a different school system? If it is true, how did it happen.
Are you still living in the 19th century?Come up with 21st century constructive idea please.The problem with today’s democratic Ethiopia is,you+me+other ethiopians=82 mil ppl and all have equal vote.Your’s should have been 1/2 of others vote.
Higer eduction and scholar sheep in Ethiopia only for Tigry.
Yes. Tigray has a different schooling system. These people are the most racist people ever.
Knowledge is power and Tigray is very very determined in this direction.
Sexy topic worth further discussion. As the saying goes, the devil lies in the detail. There shouldn’t be any discrimination in education. From what I know before, the abyssinian used to benefit access to higher education for centuries primarily by local languages (non ethnic ge’ez, Amharic & Tigrigna) & examinors systematic manipulation(biased regionalism). They will be offered simple geez language exams accomanied by generous scaling so that they easily join universities. Typical case I know is I saw ESLCE result of one gay from Tigray with 3 A’s in Geez, Amharic and Tigrigna (other grades are C’s)and scored CGA of 3.6. If discrinatory local languages still have points in the qualifying exam system it really doesn’t make sense-especially for other ethnic groups. All Ethiopians need to reach consensus in this and other related issue. Also the examinors should be proved nuetral to all.
As a gondere Ethiopian, I cannot go to grade 12. Oh wait, I am in America! Thank God - never mind, who cares!!
I do not know where this idea of Tigray has a different schooling and ceritification came from. May be one of the out-there-to-sensationalize DC radios said aired this nonesense fabrication first and every blind hater is just repeating it like a parrot. The truth is there is not, there shall be not, there can be not such a thing. Federal government, in this case, Ministry of
Educaton administeres this policies and there is only one policy for all Ethiopia. How can people not ask critical question whenever they hear something that is not non-standard, unusual reports. If I hear any report or news that Tigray has a different policy, I would have asked questions like:
1-Where is this information from? Can it be confirmed from reliable sources other than the ones that are dissminating it? What does the MoE website say about this? Is there any thing from the Tigray Education Beauro that verifies such a report? Can there be exceptional policy for just one region in today’s politics? Why? If it is good for Tigray why not for others? Why would the opposition parties have never said anything on this point?…Please be not such an ignorant.
MAY the mostly ADD-STUDENTS of TIGRAY need to take special class to catch-up with AMHARA, gurages, welayta and OROMOS, way of thinking “WHICH IS FOUNDED BASED ON HARD WORK RATHER THAN STEALING AND CORRUPTION” unfortunatley “LIKE MY GRANNY SAID, U CAN ONLY TAKE A HORSE TO WATER HOLE, but u can’t force him to drink”
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