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Record Number of Ethiopians fled to Yemen in 2009 - Video
France24's REPORTERS program today aired a special documentary about refugees fleeing Ethiopia and Somalia to Yemen. The report cited Ethiopia's increasing poverty and the civil war in Somalia for the exodus of record number of refugees crossing the Gulf of Aden to Yemen to seek for a better life. Watch the documentary below which is mostly about Somali refugees but also talks about Ethiopian refugees who risk of being deported back to Ethiopia if found by authorities.
More than 74,000 Africans, fleeing civil war, political instability, poverty, famine and drought in the Horn of Africa, crossed the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea on smugglers' boats and reached the shores of Yemen this year. This figure represents a staggering 50 per cent increase over last year's 50,000 arrivals, itself a record.
Refugees and migrants make the risky journey under harrowing conditions. In some cases they are beaten, raped, killed or just thrown overboard into the shark-infested waters. In addition, the overloaded and overcrowded boats sometimes capsize, resulting in the drowning of many onboard.
According to the latest UNHCR statistics, at least 309 people drowned or did not survive the trip this year. In 2008, some 590 people died during the crossing. Many more people went missing and are presumed dead. The mixed migration route through the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea is presently the busiest and the deadliest one in the world.
Unlike in previous years, Somalis are no longer the majority of arrivals. With nearly 32,000 Somali arrivals this year their number remains steady in comparison to 2008. However, the number of Ethiopians reaching Yemen more than doubled this year to above 42,000.
While virtually all arriving Somalis approach the two, strategically positioned reception centres in Mayfaa and Ahwar, where they receive protection and assistance, only some 9,000 Ethiopians went to these venues this year. Most press on towards the Persian Gulf states in search of job opportunities.
The Mayfaa and Ahwar reception centres are open for all nationalities arriving in Yemen. In addition to provision of temporary shelter and assistance, they offer information and possibilities to apply for asylum and issue passes, valid for 10 days, for onward travel to Sana'a or Aden, where refugee status determination is carried out.
Upon arrival in Yemen, all Somali nationals are automatically recognized as refugees by the Yemeni authorities, under its group recognition policy. Presently, Yemen hosts some 150,000 Somali refugees. Other nationalities, including Ethiopians, wishing to apply for asylum are required to undergo the refugee status determination procedure conducted by UNHCR. The refugee agency believes some Ethiopian arrivals may have avoided approaching the reception centres, fearing arrest and detention as those who do not apply for asylum and are found to be in the country illegally could be deported.
Sad, very sad, when will it end?
Please once let us put aside our outlooks and diffrences and do some thing about it. let us join our ideas and hands to solve this disgrace. one person can do nothing people with experiance come forward and let us do somthing constructive let us for once use this media for somthing that will help our brothers and sisters please let us detach this tag we have behind the name of our country…remember we might have our diffrences but this is for hte young people dying in deserts of somalia, yemen and libiya etc
I don’t believe living in Ethiopia is danger these days.Those people who fled from Ethiopia are their own interests but there is no one forced them to do it so.
I think living and supporting your own government is the best solution than being gerad in Arab cities. Yeha
This happens to be the fate of many Ethiopians recently. I would say the number is by far bigger than mentioned. But why? Why do these much people choose to risk their life for a life which can be compered to slavery? It is because the life back home is less than that.
A country where the origin of anicent civilaztion,and the promise land has been rejected by her own citizen because of poverty.I really feel sorry to my fellow ethiopian who risk their life to go to poverish Yemen.One thing that every one of should understand is that we the citizen of Ethiopia has made our country poor. When some body tries to do something we block or resist his effort not to achieve his goal,in short we are jealous people.How shame it is to be called a poor country people,rather than working together we blame one another,hate one another.Please,let come together to help ourself and our country.We have a moral obligation to serve our people and our country.May God bless Ethiopia.
i can’t judje somalis because of the war. but why the ethiopian’s advertised with a poverty,if woyane wouldn’t be selfish never sell our land; the farmers wouldn’t feed as by now,i know our land is green…death to woyane, from now on i’m ashamedto tell my self im ethiopian
Ethiopian Economy is booming,
11 % growth has been registured.Blah
blah blah.Shame on weyane.Ethiopia
becomes a manufacuring place of
poverty and prostitution thanks to
Weyane.!! shame on Weyanes!!!
“I think living and supporting your own government is the best solution”
so why you live in the u.s, go back and eat your anbeta. And before you judge the poor ethiopians try to figure out their reson, poverity! doma ras weyanne!
c u bye!
According to the UNHCR,these refugees from Ethiopia don’t qualified to be considered as a genuine refugees.Unlike the past govt,there is freedom of movement in Ethiopia where a person can go where ever a place he\she wants.
Do you know we are only using 4% of our farm land? I don’t see any harm to lease our land for foreign investors.This is exactly what our govt is doing in order to create jobs for the locals.Unfortunately,some people like those mentioned above are leaving the opportunity they have at home to do the worst job in another country.So my friend don’t waste your blame for nothing.
What is the reason that thousands of Ethiopians abandon their country, risking their lives in treacherous seas and deserts, while the regime back home advertises its economic achievements and we have been reading of a staggering >10% annual growth?
The reality on the ground is that, our young men and women and the most educated part of the Ethiopian society, have no other choice but to flee their country, either to find jobs to improve their economic status or to breathe the air of freedom. Unfortunately, true freedom and prosperity can only exist in ones own country, if that country is free, democratic and there is equal economic opportunity for all, irrespective of ethnic backgrounds or party affiliations.
Economic bonanza in Ethiopia is far from the truth. It is superficial, affecting a small minority of the society, in and around the dictatorial regime. I am sure that the majority of Ethiopians would be satisfied and would stay home, if they could solve their basic needs and feel free and secure in their own country. Therefore, except the very few diaspora Ethiopians, who indulge in crimes and corruptions, for the majority of Ethiopians, it is not a matter of going to El Dorado, but emancipation from domination, suffocation and hopelessness, incurred on our people by TPLF/woyane.
Ethiopians get deported cos it’s officially a safe country to work and live. the fact that some people chose to leave their country for perceived better life abroad doesn’t say much about the state of ethiopia. I still see Chinese illegal immigrants selling illegal videos and staff like that in London but that doesn’t make china poverty stricken country. the Ethiopian immigrant hasn’t got a clue about his destination. he thinks Saudi is greener than ethiopia. he didn’t listen to his geography teacher at school. you see, that is the whole point, people need to be informed. yes ethiopia still has long way to go, but the truth is, there so much one can do in a sleeping giant ethiopia than risk their life to get to the unknown.
here is Ethiopia the sleeping giant, see what you can do instead of running away.
I think they chose the right country but wrong transportation !
1/2million years ago Yemen used to be a state of Ethiopia . The people are nice & their govement good too . I hope somebody might lend hand for those immigrants & I will be a part it . I love yemenies.
TPLF is enemy of ethiopia and its people.menem aygeremem 94% biseded
mot le TPLF le and zer yekomu leboch
it used to be “Ethiopians fleeing civil war and poverty” now it is “Ethiopians fleeing poverty". one down one to go. but people like Dr. birhanu want to turn the clock back and bring back war and chaos to ethiopia which will lead to millions fleeing and suffering.
No son or daughter of Africa should suffer or beg. This should never have happened. We have enough resources to feed everyone and to have left overs for others. Thanks to our stupid leaders and the politicians of the west who don’t want to see a better and stronger Africa. I hope I see the time when all this is behind us and we live in plenty and not in want.
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