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Ethiopia - Slum Akaki Kaliti vs Posh Bole - UN-Habitat Survey



  02:35:18 am, by admin   , 679 words  
Categories: Ethiopia

Ethiopia - Slum Akaki Kaliti vs Posh Bole - UN-Habitat Survey

Boys play football in one of the suburbs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ©Manoocher Deghati/IRIN

Ethiopia - Slum Akaki Kaliti vs Posh Bole - UN-Habitat Survey

Source: UN-Habitat

UN-HABITAT conducted its first Urban Inequities Survey (UIS) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 2004. The survey, carried out in collaboration with Ethiopia’s National Statistical Office and the Municipality of Addis Ababa, was administered to 1,500 households with the goal of understanding how, on a socio-economic level, people living in the city’s slums and its planned neighbourhoods experience the city differently.

Two areas of Addis Ababa – Bole, a wealthy neighbourhood, and Akaki Kaliti, a slum inhabited by the city’s poorest residents – proved particularly relevant to studying contrasts in how residents from different socio-economic backgrounds experience social relationships and build social capital. UIS data from both areas illustrates patterns familiar to social capital researchers: residents of the slum, Akaki Kaliti, attested to the interdependence of neighbours and described more social bonding overall within the community than did residents of the wealthy neighbourhood, Bole. In Bole, however, residents expressed a greater openness to diversity and described more behaviours that bridge social networks rather than rely strictly on members of their own close groups.

While 83 per cent of all Addis Ababa residents surveyed belong to idirs, community groups that fund funerals and provide aid to families in emergencies, it is the routine habits of daily life – taking care of neighbours’ children, gathering information from and visiting friends, trusting and networking with others – that describe the powerful influences of social capital in communities.

The UIS measured bonding social capital with several indicators of neighbourly trust and sociability among friends. More UIS respondents from Akaki Kaliti than from Bole consistently reported that people in their neighbourhood are willing to help them, that neighbours can be counted on if money is urgently needed, and that they can depend on neighbours to take care of their children in emergencies. Residents of Akaki Kaliti also reported that they are more dependent on their neighbours for information about government policies, jobs, education and other opportunities in the city than residents of Bole, who look to their neighbours and friends as the best sources of such information half as often. The survey revealed that sociability, too, differs among respondents from the two communities. More residents of Akaki Kaliti than Bole had met someone at a public place or coffee shop over the previous month, received visitors at home, or paid a visit to someone else’s home, though fewer residents of either place were likely to participate in home visits than to meet in a public place.

Bridging social capital – which creates opportunities for members of a group to connect with others who are different, and who may have more resources – is more prevalent in Bole than in Akaki Kaliti, as indicated by UIS data on the groups with whom people in each community network and interact regularly. While respondents from both communities claimed low levels of trust in people from groups not their own, those from the wealthy neighbourhood had met or visited with people of different ethnic, tribal or religious groups twice as often in the previous month as those from the slum. Respondents from Bole were also more likely to vote for political candidates from other ethnic groups or tribes, and more people from Akaki Kaliti claimed that diversity in the community causes problems. Clearly, residents of the slum rely heavily on neighbours and friends from their own ethnic and tribal communities, interacting in enclaves of similarity Residents of the wealthy neighbourhood are less beholden to close neighbourly ties and have more opportunities and inclination to reach out to those unlike themselves. Helping poor communities like Akaki Kaliti develop bridging social capital through education and outreach may generate more resources and give residents – especially young people – perspectives on what opportunities might be available to them outside of the neighbourhood. Such efforts, however, must also work within the tightly knit, interdependent networks on which poor communities depend, and acknowledge the distrust of people from different groups that exists in many enclaves.



Comment from: c´moi senait [Visitor]
c´moi senait

Throw out these worthles Un officaials . They are good for nothing.

03/23/10 @ 04:03
Comment from: Habby [Visitor]

Does UN realy spends money on this kind of bullcrap? I bet the people around akaki-kaliti need one or two public toilets.

03/23/10 @ 04:20
Comment from: 2hot 4freedom [Visitor]
2hot 4freedom

This is a good study. It helps in understanding and tackling social issues. Actually, i found it facinating.

03/23/10 @ 05:18
Comment from: occational [Visitor]

this is old survey, 2004. what made u bring it here? much has changed since then, large no of pple were displaced from centeral AA and thrown to the outskirt of the city……..anyways it might be helpful as a historical data which do not reflect the current sentiment

03/23/10 @ 05:41
Comment from: Imperial Body Guard [Visitor]
Imperial Body Guard

The United Nations enemy, is the enemy of us all. “Ethiopians are members of one closely knit family, in these circumstances it is neither fair nor legitimate for the interests of one group of this great family to be promoted at the expense of the other.” HIM
“In this task the government officials through their dedicated services, disciplined behaviour, humility, helpfulness and efficiency, should present an image of selfless and devoted community workers. They should make every effort to integrate and preserve national culture and promote and strengthen traditional institutions like Shengo, Idir, Debo, Iqub, through administrative and other measures. These mutual-aid institutions can serve as a sure foundation of community development and progress in Ethiopia.” HIM
“Ethiopia cannot, as some would suggest, look to industry for these funds. Without agricultural expansion, industrial growth is impossible.” HIM Haile Selassie, Long Live the Constitutional Monarchy!, Gasha for Ethiopians, Fire burn down the corruption of secession, Rise with the Lion of Judah!, Long Live Independent Ethiopia!

03/23/10 @ 06:44
Comment from: getinet [Visitor]

wow is there also some such study by un the gehto of harlem and hollywood here in addis the so called rich comunnity are not that much the world know what rich mean at this point a poor familly from akki doest need him a century to be rich in ethiopia standard but dont separate this community if your ethinical bullet is finish now you armed yourself by suburb community may be after some times there we might hear on our physical apperance stfu

03/23/10 @ 08:10
Comment from: zi [Visitor]


03/23/10 @ 13:29
Comment from: Mored [Visitor]

I think the Ethiopian diaspora mirrors the outcome of the Akaki slums for the most part. This study indicates that those who are a bit educated are likely to overlook minor differences such as ethnic background and religion. Maybe we in the diaspora can also educate our selves and be free from total ignorance, intolerance and hate.

03/23/10 @ 13:43
Comment from: justin [Visitor]

Does not make sense – I know a lot of people in poor neibhorhoods of Addis - Most are of mixed ethnic and there is not much distrust as this report makes it out to be. I think this anectodal report instead of a scientific.

ኢትዮጵያ ለዘላለም ትኑር

03/23/10 @ 14:54
Comment from: Firdu [Visitor]

What the heck is Getinet talking about?

03/23/10 @ 15:03
Comment from: Werner2010 [Visitor]

actually it is you who makes anecdotes, not the UN. They can support their claims with statistics (science) while you are telling us to believe your assurtions, b/c you know someone, who knows someone who knows people in poor neigbhorhoods of Addis that are mostly of mixed ethnic … bla bla, yada yada ….

03/23/10 @ 15:46
Comment from: Mimi [Visitor]

The study fails to indicate where those “rich” people from Bolle grew up.

One could grow in the slums of Merkato or Cherqos and now live in Bolle. Would this qualify such person as from “Bolle". Prominent example is the CEO of Sunshine construction, who grew up in the slums of Cherqos, but now is a multi- millionaire businessman.

Also, other examples include those in power today (Woyanes or EPRDF members) who came from the bushes as rebels wearing shorts and plastic shoes, but now live a luxury life in the Bolle sub-city.

By the way, not every one who lives in Bolle is rich. During the Derg time (1974-1991), land was given to anyone who wanted to build a house. So, most of these Bolle houses were built prior to 1991, some were built from 1950’s to 1970’s.

Some have returned back to Addis Ababa from abroad and settled in the Bolle area. Again, the background of these settlers varies. Some were educated in the west, some were just parking lot attendants, some were business people in the west.

Instead of commissioning such studies (studies are usually awarded to member of UN Mafia group), the money could have been better spent improving the lives of people who live in those poorer areas of Addis Ababa. Public toilet, public library, schools, roads, etc. could have been built instead.

The “study” did not teach us anything new that we did not know. Shame on UN.

03/23/10 @ 15:52
Comment from: Addis [Visitor]

I missed the old Addis where the poor and rich live in the same kebele or Neighborhood arein the same idir. Now everyone is segregated.

03/23/10 @ 16:40
Comment from: Tedla W/giorgis [Visitor]
Tedla W/giorgis

Our prim minister is tryining to narow the gap between the two groups by bulding roads and tall buldings for office for everyone.

03/23/10 @ 20:04
Comment from: WHATEVER [Visitor]

Shit, I spent a month staying in Bole, if that was the rich neighborhood, then I certaintly don’t want to go to to the Ethiopian slums!

03/23/10 @ 21:53



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