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Keeping pastoralist children in school in Ethiopia
ADDIS ABABA, 15 March 2013 (IRIN) - Thousands of children in the pastoral regions of Ethiopia are dropping out of school despite government and donor efforts to bring schools closer to them. Recurrent natural disasters such as drought and flooding, as well as inter-ethnic clashes, are major factors in school dropouts.
In February, at least 17,000 primary school children in Ethiopia were reported to have dropped out since the beginning of the 2012-2013 school year, mainly due to drought-related migration.
In the northeastern Afar Region, some 15 schools have closed down due to a lack of water during the current dry season, affecting some 1,899 children, 29 percent of whom are girls, according to an 11 March update by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
Ongoing conflict between the Oromo and Somali communities is also affecting education. “In conflict-affected areas of Oromia’s East Hararghe zone, some 10,600 children (40 percent girls) from 35 primary schools in Kumbi, Gursum, Meyumuluke and Chenasken [districts have remained] without schooling for over three months,” the update said.
In the southeastern Somali Region, seasonal flooding, ethnic conflict between residents in border areas, and even internal conflicts within the Somali ethnic group often adversely affect schooling, according to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
In 2012, for example, a flood emergency in the region severely affected schools in several districts. “During the flooding emergency that occurred in June 2012, around 3,196 girls dropped out of school. Most of the schools located in the seven woredas [districts] were flooded, with eventual destruction of all educational materials and school infrastructure,” said UNICEF.
During the emergency, UNICEF supported the creation of temporary learning spaces for the affected children.
Children in pastoral regions often seasonally migrate with their families due to adverse weather or insecurity.
The Ethiopian government, through its Alternative Basic Education Center (ABEC) programme, has been taking schools closer to such children.
“It is to include the under-developed pastoralist regions that we needed to devise an inclusive and comprehensive strategy specifically for the areas. The regions and way of life there needed a different approach. We had to take the schools to the children, not the other way around,” Mohammed Abubeker, head of the special support and inclusive education department at Ethiopia’s Ministry of Education, told IRIN.
“And now, after years of efforts, we have in the regions… formal and non-formal schools. A student would find at least one informal school in every kebele [an administrative unit under the district].”
The ABEC programme has helped at least a quarter of a million rural Ethiopians living beyond the reach of the formal education system to access basic schooling, according to a statement by the US Agency for International Development (USAID).
But the alternative education ends at the fourth grade, and in some areas, children must walk two hours to the formal school to continue learning, notes USAID. “Not surprisingly, some still drop out, mainly for poverty-related reasons, including the families’ need for their children’s labour or their inability to pay for room and board near the schools.”
Pastoralists’ seasonal migration also means that, “learning spaces are closed, which results in [the] closure of more Alternative Basic Education Centres,” notes UNICEF.
In response to the pastoralists’ movements, education officials are seeking ways to ensure learning continues.
“In the pastoralist regions, people there often move either by choice or [are] forced due to conflicts or drought,” said Mohammed of the education ministry. “In such situations, we use mobile schools, which are really doing well. The teachers and education materials are made to move with the pastoralist[s], so the kids will continue to learn.”
“Also, we have recently started networking the schools so when kids leave one area, we alert schools in the areas they [are migrating to] so that they can take them in,” he added.
Jointly with the UN World Food Programme (WFP), the education ministry is also running a school feeding system programme that is helping to attract pupils to schools.
UNICEF is also trucking water to drought-affected areas. “If kebeles are benefitting from water trucking, schools will not be closed since the communities are getting water,” notes UNICEF.
Despite the challenges, some success has been seen in educating children in pastoral regions, Mohammed told IRIN, adding that the Afar and Somali regions had gross enrolment rates of 75 and 83 percent, respectively.
“We have been doing well…but there are still many problems we need to solve. Our wish is that not a single child drops out permanently. Unfortunately, we are not there yet.”
ACCORDING TO DEDEB DIASPORA, THEY’RE BEING CHASED OUT OF SCHOOLS BY GOVERNMENT.
from: MIMI [Visitor]
GEMAATAM TIGREE,NO MATTER YOU CAME
TO POWER DUE TO WESTERN SUPPORT,FOR
SURE WE WILL WIPE ALL TEGRES FROM
ALL 8 REGIONS OF ETHIOPIA,
if tplf gives both somali and afar kilil the way it does for tigray, then after 22 years at least water couldnot be a Source of problem for not going to School. Read about tigray in 22 years.
HOW Come tigray get such a lot of injection With out protest, simple. Taking the most key positions of the federal government. the lesser member of a kilil has in the military, economy and federal Offices the poorer and the discriminated a killil is in Ethioipia.
Look the riches killil oromo live way under the standard of tigrians.
Equality of Our People must be realized now, now.
Comment from: Gondar [Visitor]from: MIMI [Visitor] GEMAATAM TIGREE,NO MATTER YOU CAME TO POWER DUE TO WESTERN SUPPORT,FOR SURE WE WILL WIPE ALL TEGRES FROM ALL 8 REGIONS OF ETHIOPIA,
When you call her gimatam, you are showing that you are calling your own mom gimatam. You don’t use that kind of word on a woman but I guess you were very upset and lost your mind. There many other things you could call her or if you are a civilized man, you could give her a constructive criticism. Of course she could have also avoided being called nasty stuff. Any ways the bottom line is that we have deteriorating culture and we are lost. We are total losers who have lost it all, including manners. I don’t blame you or mimi only, we are all in deep dudu. Help us god!!! 5
Why don’t you mind your own business in Eritrea, we know the Tigree people fuuuked you and fuuuked you well, that is why every Eritrean slave is bitter towards them.
What she said is absolutely right, Education is one of the greatest success of Ethiopia in achieving the millennium development goal.
What is Eritrea’s millennium developmental goal? Destabilizing the region and particularly of Ethiopia
I think the big mistake in Ethiopia schools is trying to teach children anything, and by using fear as the basic motivation. Fear of getting failing grades, fear of not staying with your class dropouts, etc. Interest can produce learning on a scale compared to fear as a nuclear explosion to a firecracker.A quality education has the power to transform societies in a single generation, provide children with the protection they need from the hazards of poverty, labor exploitation and disease, and given them the knowledge, skills, and confidence to reach their full potential
ethiopia is already fallen into pieces
Education is vital to a thriving society. A society that is ignorant will become the breeding ground for violence and intolerance. But an educated society will be a breeding ground for tolerance and peace, justice and understanding, innovation and advancement, and positive, self-sustaining growth. It’s important to educate our children, no matter where they live, for they will grow to become responsible citizens of their society. Each child represents a future, the future of the community, of the country, and indeed the future of the whole world.
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