Category: "ICT"

ITU places Ethiopia 147th in Global IT Development Index

March 6th, 2009
Ethiopian Telecom
Mobile user in Addis Ababa Photo guuled

Ethiopia lagging in ICT development

Ethiopia continues to lag behind in Information Communications Technology (ICT) development according to a recent report released by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The report which is titled, "Measuring the Information Society - The ICT Development Index 2009" ranks 154 countries in ICT development and Ethiopia is once again at the bottom of the table, ranking 147th out of 154 countries. This was first reported by this website, and today the pro-government Walta spins the story by claiming Ethiopia has achieved a "remarkable growth". The report compares the ranking from 2002 and as of 2007, Ethiopia's rank has not changed from 2002. The country was ranked 147th in 2002 and five years later, it has not moved up in the ranking despite WIC's claim of "remarkable growth". The fact is, Ethiopia is one of the least developed countries in the telecoms sector even when compared with other African countries.

The Index captures the level of advancement of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in more than 150 countries worldwide and compares progress made between 2002 and 2007. It has three major areas; ICT access, ICT use and ICT skills.

ICT access, measures countries based on the following indicators; Fixed telephone lines per 100 inhabitants, Mobile cellular telephone subscriptions per 100 inhabitants, International Internet Bandwidth (bit/s) per Internet user, Proportion of households with a computer and Proportion of households with Internet access at home. In all the indicators, Ethiopia lags behind.

ICT Use measures countries in Internet users per 100 inhabitants, Fixed broadband Internet subscribers per 100 inhabitants and Mobile broadband subscribers per 100 inhabitants. Finally ICT skills measures Adult literacy rate, Secondary gross enrollment ratio and Tertiary gross enrollment ratio, which makes up 20% of the final ICT development Index.

In ICT Access, Ethiopia ranks 145th in the world which is actually a drop from five years ago when it was ranked 134th. In ICT use which measures the users of ICT technologies per 100 inhabitants, Ethiopia ranks second from the bottom at 153. In the ICT skills segment, Ethiopia is ranked 146th.

Broadband internet access is almost non-existent in Ethiopia, an entry level broadband package exceeds the average monthly GNI per capita by over 1’000 per cent, suggesting that broadband is limited to businesses and selected organizations, rather than households, the report writes.

As of 2007, the number of fixed telephone line subscribers per 100 inhabitants is 1.1, Mobile cellular subscriptions per 100 inhabitants has increased from 0.1 in 2002 to 1.5 in 2007. Just 0.2 percent of households have computers and just 0.1% of households have access to the internet.

You can trust Walta or ITU, your choice.

The Fact

Country

Fixed telephone lines
per 100 inhab
Mobile cellular subscriptions
per 100 inhab
International Internet bandwidth
per Internet user(bit/s)
Proportion of households
with computer
Proportion of households
with Internet
Ethiopia 1.1 1.5 842 0.2 0.1
Kenya 0.7 30.2 112 5.5 2.2
Sudan 0.9 21.3 3800 4.3 1
Egypt 14.9 39.8 1023 16.1 9.1
Nigeria 1.1 27.3 69 5.1 3.6
South Africa 9.6 87.1 852 14.8 4.8

ICT DEVELOPMENT INDEX 2007 RANKING (2002 RANKING)

Top 10 in ICT Development
1 - SWEDEN (1)
2 - SOUTH KOREA (3)
3 - DENMARK (4)
4 - NETHERLANDS (6)
5 - ICELAND (2)
6 - NORWAY (5)
7 - LUXEMBOURG (21)
8 - SWITZERLAND (7)
9 - FINLAND (8)
10 - UNITED KINGDOM (10)

Bottom 10 in ICT Development
145 - TANZANIA (138)
146 - MALI (150)
147 - ETHIOPIA (147)
148 - MOZAMBIQUE (148)
149 - ERITREA (137)
150 - BURKINA FASO (151)
151 - DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (144)
152 - GUINEA-BISSAU (153)
153 - CHAD (152)
154 - NIGER (154)

Related Links

Ethiopian Telecom embarks on huge internet upgrades


ETC to refund call waiting, divert subscribers

Ethiopia will not liberalize Telecoms and Banking

ETC appoints top level executives

ETC launches 3G network

ZTE set to transfer technology

Foreigner caught in telecom scam in Ethiopia

Finnish investors identify ICT business opportunities in Ethiopia

China's ZTE to boost ETC's Ethiopia mobile users

Nokia strives to boost local demand with more Ethiopic phones

Ethiopian Airlines bypasses ETC with satellite internet link

ETC undertaking 1.5 billion dollar telecom service projects

Ethiopia ranks 147th in ICT Development Index - ITU

March 3rd, 2009
Ethiopian Telecom

Ethiopia ranks 147th in ICT Development Index - ITU

Ethiopia ranks 147th in information and communication technologies (ICT)Development index, according to a report released by International Telecommunication Union (ITU). According to the report, Ethiopia has one of the lowest telephone density in the world with 1.1 fixed telephones per 100 inhabitants and 1.5 Mobile subscribers per 100 inhabitants. Just 0.2 percent of Ethiopian households have computer and 0.1% of Ethiopian households have access to the Internet, the report said.

ICT DEVELOPMENT INDEX 2007 RANKING (2002 RANKING)

Top 10 in ICT Development
1 - SWEDEN (1)
2 - SOUTH KOREA (3)
3 - DENMARK (4)
4 - NETHERLANDS (6)
5 - ICELAND (2)
6 - NORWAY (5)
7 - LUXEMBOURG (21)
8 - SWITZERLAND (7)
9 - FINLAND (8)
10 - UNITED KINGDOM (10)

Bottom 10 in ICT Development
145 - TANZANIA (138)
146 - MALI (150)
147 - ETHIOPIA (147)
148 - MOZAMBIQUE (148)
149 - ERITREA (137)
150 - BURKINA FASO (151)
151 - DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (144)
152 - GUINEA-BISSAU (153)
153 - CHAD (152)
154 - NIGER (154)

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Geneva, 2 March 2009 — ITU’s new ICT Development Index (IDI) compares developments in information and communication technologies (ICT) in 154 countries over a five-year period from 2002 to 2007.

The Index combines 11 indicators into a single measure that can be used as a benchmarking tool globally, regionally and at the country level. These are related to ICT access, use and skills, such as households with a computer the number of Internet users; and literacy levels.

The most advanced countries in ICT are from Northern Europe. The exception is the Republic of Korea. Sweden tops the new ITU ICT Development Index, followed by the Republic of Korea, Denmark, the Netherlands, Iceland and Norway. They are followed by other, mainly high-income countries from Europe, Asia and North America. Western and Northern Europe and North America are the regions with the highest IDI scores, and most countries from these regions are among the top twenty ICT economies. Poor countries, in particular the least developed countries, remain at the lower end of the index with limited access to ICT infrastructure, including fixed and mobile telephony, Internet and broadband.

More from ITU

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Related Links

Ethiopian Telecom embarks on huge internet upgrades


ETC to refund call waiting, divert subscribers

Ethiopia will not liberalize Telecoms and Banking

ETC appoints top level executives

ETC launches 3G network

ZTE set to transfer technology

Foreigner caught in telecom scam in Ethiopia

Finnish investors identify ICT business opportunities in Ethiopia

China's ZTE to boost ETC's Ethiopia mobile users

Nokia strives to boost local demand with more Ethiopic phones

Ethiopian Airlines bypasses ETC with satellite internet link

ETC undertaking 1.5 billion dollar telecom service projects

Ethiopian Telecom embarks on huge internet upgrades

March 2nd, 2009
Ethiopian Telecom

Ethiopian Telecom embarks on huge internet upgrades

By Kirubel Tadesse

Source: Capital

In an effort to dramatically advance internet quality and coverage, the Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC) is currently undertaking a three-phase project to be completed by 2011.

All three ETC networks, fiber optic telecom cable, satellite and microwave sources, are included in the overhaul currently mid-way through the first phase. The project targets both international connections and local service distributions.
Microwave connections via Djibouti will become quicker with funds under the vendor financing 1.5 billion dollars ETC has secured from the Chinese telecom giant, ZTE, for nine projects.

ETC's main gateway fiber optic cable via Sudan extending 6,000km will be upgraded to 10,000km. "The target is to attain redundancy by creating a ring of telecom cables across the nation," explains," Abdurahim Ahmed, ETC Corporate Communication Manager.
ETC cites lines cuts in Amhara, Tigray and part of the Oromia regions as main causes of the frequent setbacks the internet service often suffers from.
"When the expansion project is finished such line cuts won't affect the service as that particular area will be covered through another circle of telecom lines," Abdurahim explained to Capital.

Aiming to better utilize the country's geographical advantage, the project devotes large resources to satellite internet, currently offered but hampered by capacity shortage. The state monopoly is striving to attain 80M uplink by 20M downlink with 3/8m antenna internet connection capacity.

For its international gateway, ETC leases transponders in international satellites.
All of the upgrading will dramatically increase ETC's internet service point of presence (pop) from just 16 now to more than 500 upon completion by 2011.

"ETC's efforts alone won't achieve service quality; we can only build the infrastructure. Protecting it is another thing that needs collaborative responsibility," warns Abdurahim. "As stipulated by law all regional administrations, construction companies and other stakeholders need to protect these infrastructures when conducting their own operations."
Capital had reported last week on ETC's study under progress to decide if and which customers to refund for call waiting and divert service subscription fees. These services were made complementary back in August last year.

Ethiopia - ETC to refund call waiting, divert subscribers

February 24th, 2009
Mobile user in Addis Ababa Photo guuled

Ethiopia - ETC to refund call waiting, divert subscribers

By Kirubel Tadesse

Capital

The Ethiopian Telecommunications Corporation (ETC) is currently studying how to refund its customers who paid subscription fees for call waiting and divert services, Capital learned.
The two services, call divert, and call waiting, were considered value added services and interested customers were charged 21.85 birr for each of the two services.

It was back in August last year that the state run telecom made these services complimentary for all of its mobile subscribers. And now, according to the information obtained from ETC Corporate Management office, the corporation is looking into whether or not and how to return the thousands of birr in collected subscription fees.
“As soon as the study is finalized, we will contact customers who paid the subscription fees,” Abdurahim Ahmed, ETC Corporate Communication Management Office General Manager, explained in a written response issued to Capital.

Coinciding with the third generation SIM cards release in early August last year, the services were made available for both pre and post paid mobile subscribers without any public announcement at that time.

According to a telecom expert, the call divert service gives subscribers options to redirect incoming calls to any fixed or mobile telephone, while the call waiting service enables users to host two calls and registers another call.
“Mobile users can choose to use or not to use the service by simply adjusting their phone call setting options,” the expert told Capital.

As with call waiting and divert a number of subscribers also paid for voicemail which is said currently not to be working properly and has even failed completely in pre paid mobile services.

A number of subscribers complained to Capital the service has not worked for more than a year after paying for it.
“If the service isn’t there, why did they offer to sell it and accept a subscription fee in the first place?” Eyerusalem Tadesse, a subscriber who paid the 34.5 birr voice mail subscription fee at the Corporation’s Central Addis Ababa Zone Service Center but was never able to use it, complained to Capital.

Admitting that voicemail is not currently working properly, Abdurahim explained that inefficiency will be solved with the completion of the ETC’s 1.5 billion dollar Next Generation Network (NGN) value added services expansion project which is already underway.
“We are not aware of any customers’ complaints that claimed to have paid for voicemail service and never enjoyed it. If there are subscribers that did pay for the service and find it is not functioning properly, they can submit a written compliant to the service center they paid the subscription fee to,” Abdurahim added.

The over 100-years-old telecom campany is currently embarking on huge projects under a vendor financing agreement with the Chinese telecom company, ZTE. ETC hopes the upgrades with fiber optics cable, replacing its copper wires, to obtain broadband width and light speed transmission capability will solve the service troubles and boost its network capacity to 10 million mobile subscribers.

Ethiopia will not liberalize Telecoms and Banking - Girma Birru

February 19th, 2009
Girma Biru
Trade Minister Girma Birru File Photo

Ethiopia will not liberalize Telecoms and Banking

Girma Birru, Ethiopia's trade minister, said Ethiopia has no plans to liberalize the telecommunications and financial-services industries to gain access to World Trade Organization (WTO), Bloomberg news reported.

“Primarily we will join the WTO not to make others happy, but to make our economy work,” Birru said. “So to the extent it helps our economy we will liberalize things, but if it’s not going to assist our goals in trade and development we will not liberalize. Why do we have to?”

“I don’t see any plan” to break up or sell Ethiopian Telecommunications Corp. to private investors, Birru said. “If there are some problems it has nothing to do with ownership. It has only to do with management. Management and ownership don’t necessarily go together.”

According to Bloomberg news, Ethiopian Telecommunication charges $35 for a mobile-phone SIM card, where in neighboring Somalia and Kenya it costs less than $5. A 1-megabyte per second Internet connection costs more than $2,000 a month in Ethiopia. In South Africa, the continent’s biggest economy, a similar service costs between 600 rand ($59) and 760 rand, according to the http://www.mybroadband.co.za Web site.

Newai Gebre-Ab, chief economic advisor to Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, said "the company [ETC] is “generating a lot of money and that money is being put to good use for development of infrastructure,”.


Read Original Report from Bloomberg News