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No Way for Ethiopian Refugees in Norway

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03/26/12

  02:17:58 am, by admin, 2933 words  
Categories: Ethiopia, Alemayehu G. Mariam

No Way for Ethiopian Refugees in Norway

No Way for Ethiopian Refugees in Norway

By Alemayehu G. Mariam

Ethiopians are having a very hard time. Inside their own country, they are victimized by dictatorship, famine and pestilence. Thousands of Ethiopians who have fled political persecution and economic privation caused by systemic and massive corruption and poor governance are facing unspeakable victimization in various parts of North Africa, the Middle East and other parts of Africa.

This past January, I wrote a commentary entitled: “Ethiopia: Middle Passage to the Middle East” on the plight of the tens of thousands of Ethiopian domestic workers in the Middle East and North Africa. Substantial anecdotal evidence showed many of these workers are subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment, and that they are physically and sexually abused and economically exploited in a system of “contract slavery”. Last August, the daughter-in-law of the late Moamar Gadhafi poured scalding hot water on her young Ethiopian domestic worker totally disfiguring her (video here). Many Ethiopian domestic workers in other parts of the Middle East have faced mistreatment and abuse that would amount to torture under international law (video here). Another young Ethiopian domestic worker was so distraught she confronted a representative of dictator Meles Zenawi’s regime at a town hall meeting and demanded an answer: “Why is that our government does not check on us, follow up on our conditions, ask about us?” (video here). Crying her eyes out, she demanded, “Where is Ethiopia’s flag? I can’t take it anymore. I can’t take it anymore…!!!!”

A few of weeks ago, Alem Dechassa, another Ethiopian domestic worker was severely beaten and forced into a vehicle right outside the gates of the Ethiopian Embassy in Lebanon as Ethiopian “diplomats” looked on without lifting a finger or raising a voice (video here). Days later, Lebanese authorities announced that Alem hanged herself while undergoing treatment in, of all places, a psychiatric hospital! In the last few days, it was reported that Ethiopian Refugees in Yemen were beaten by Yemeni security forces as they sought help from the UNHCR office. Some 25 refugees were taken into detention. Another group of Ethiopian refugees protesting at the Yemen Human Rights Office was reportedly attacked by police. In Kenya, the Sudan and even in South Africa, Ethiopian refugees have faced abuse and brutality from law enforcement and vigilante elements. Ethiopians must be the most right-less people in the world!

Ethiopian Political Refugees in Norway

The latest horror story in the tragic saga of Ethiopian refugees comes from Norway. Recently, the Government of Norway put into place a plan to “involuntarily” (forcibly) deport hundreds of Ethiopian political refugees back to Ethiopia. According to human rights sources, some of these refugees have lived and worked in Norway for over two decades. Most of these refugees were given work permits and allowed to live freely and work in Norway when they first entered. Most learned the language and adopted Norwegian culture. Among the refugees include some 450 children born in Norway and living in “asylum seeker reception centers” for several years. Many of these children attend school and some of them speak only Norwegian.

The vast majority of these refugees had fled Zenawi’s ruthless dictatorship by the skin of their teeth. Many of them are ardent opponents of Zenawi’s regime in Norway. As recently as October 2011, many of these refugees flooded the streets of Oslo to protest the arrival of Zenawi for an energy conference (video here). Zenawi’s operatives reportedly videotaped the protesters in the streets, according to sources. Many of these refugees have a long history of activism in Ethiopian opposition political organizations in Norway at the leadership and grassroots levels taking advantage of democratic freedoms in Norway.

The “Memorandum of Understanding”

The basis for the forcible return of the Ethiopian political refugees is a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU), between the Norwegian Government and the regime of Zenawi, which purports to comply with the requirements of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other treaties concerning repatriation of refugees to their countries of origin. The objective of the MoU is to facilitate a “dignified process of assisted return”. It provides for the “Government of Ethiopia to carry out the necessary measures for the return of Ethiopian nationals from Norway.” The Norwegian Government is expected to provide “necessary support” for implementation and monitoring. Refugees who agree to voluntarily return are promised a set amount of money upon their arrival. Incredibly, in Annex 3 to the MoU, the Norwegian Government will provide to the “National Intelligence and Security Service of Ethiopia via the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Addis Ababa” detailed personal data on each refugee including, among other things, “personal details”, “passport, national identity, driver license” information, “special circumstances relating to the transferee” and the “observations” of the Norwegian National Police Immigration Service.

Upon signing of the MoU, Norway’s international development minister, Erik Solheim, announced that the regime of Zenawi will receive annual aid in the amount of 350 million kroner. (Perhaps this should not come as a surprise. USD$35 million was paid in the last days of the Derg to let go the Beta Israelis.) Solheim said it is not quid pro quo (refugees for cash). Various Norwegian political leaders, opposition parties and human rights activists have severely criticized and condemned the deportation program.

MoU or RfC?

First, a major clarification. The Norwegian MoU concerning the forcible return of the Ethiopian political refugees is actually not an MoU in any legal sense. Under international law, an MoU is an important legal instrument which falls under the broad category of “treaties” and must be registered in the United Nations' treaty database. When properly performed, an MoU could serve in the place of a formal treaty. Whether MoUs are binding or not binding under international law depends on the intent of the parties, the position of the signatory officials and the specific terms and conditions.

MoU is a disingenuous misnomer for what the Government of Norway has concluded with Zenawi’s regime. At best the document may qualify as an “exchange of notes” similar to an ordinary private contract. But the MoU is palmed off to the refugees as though it is a binding and enforceable legal document which protects their rights and guarantees their safety and welfare once they are forcibly returned. The MoU provides the illusion of legality and a veneer of moral decency for a despicable act of forcing political refugees to the gates of Zenawi’s infamous prison gulags, which have been widely documented.

The Norwegian MoU is what in the old days used to be called a “gentlemen’s agreement” or “letter of intent”. It is merely a collection of aspirational statements (wishful thoughts, desires) contained in a “memorandum” or a note expressing a general “understanding” (not a binding agreement) about the wholesale deportation of Ethiopian political refugees from Norway. It is a thinly veiled document which expresses the wishes of the Norwegian Government to get rid of the refugees as quickly as possible without creating any legal obligations on the part of Norway or Zenawi’s regime. The MoU contains NO language that is enforceable at law by the refugee third-party beneficiaries (Ethiopian political refugees) and makes no express or implied legal commitment concerning the welfare or safety of these refugees after they are delivered in planeloads to Zenawi. Its enforcement relies entirely on the discretion of Zenawi’s regime. Norway may call its “agreement” an MoU, but to the rest of the world it looks, walks and talks like a RfC (refugees for cash) program.

Delivering Lambs to the Wolf’s Lair

The Norwegian MoU may vaguely remind some students of history the “Munich Agreement” of 1939 selling out Czechoslovakia. Neville Chamberlain victoriously declared, “We regard the agreement as symbolic of the desire of our two people never to go to war with one another again… Here is the paper that bears his name as well as mine…” The world soon found out that the “Munich Agreement” was not worth the paper it was written on. Hitler laughed at Chamberlain.

Concluding an MoU with one who has shredded his own constitution, trampled on his own laws, sneered at international human rights treaties, vilified international human rights organizations, imprisoned tens of thousands of his people, claimed election victory by 99.6 percent, crushed all opposition parties and democratic institutions is an exercise in futility. Concluding an MoU with one who has ignored the plight of 40 thousand Ethiopia domestic workers in the Middle East is an act of willful denial. Concluding an agreement with one who has weaponized famine and uprooted and “villagized” hundreds of thousands of people from their ancestral homes is a colossal act of moral indifference and callousness to the plight and suffering of Ethiopian political refugees.

It is laughable for the Norwegian Government to tout the MoU as some sort of “humane” and “dignified” mechanism for “reintegration” and “repatriation” of Ethiopian refugees denied asylum. The Norwegian Government has gone to great lengths to reassure the refugees, Ethiopians at large and the world of its MoU and eagerly pointed out the signatures on the lines and made lofty proclamations about “humane reintegration”. But at the end of the day, Zenawi will be laughing and the returned refugees will crying their eyes out in one of Zenawi’s secret prison gulags. With its MoU, Norway has delivered these persecuted and long-suffering political refugees to the wolf’s lair on a silver platter.

Do the Ethiopian Refugees Have a Well-founded Fear of Persecution?

How Norway applies its asylum laws are matters best left to Norwegian law and judicial and administrative process. However, Norwegian asylum law must conform to 1951 Refugee Convention (Norway ratified the Convention on March 23, 1953) as amended by the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees.

Article 1 of the Convention defines a refugee as “A person who owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country; or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence as a result of such events, is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to return to it.” The Ethiopian refugees are making their claims under Art. 1.

Under Article 33 (1) of the Convention, “No Contracting State shall expel or return ('refouler') a refugee in any manner whatsoever to the frontiers of territories where his life or freedom would be threatened on account of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social or political opinion.” The prohibition on forcible return of refugees is also a widely accepted principle of customary international law, the violation of which requires immediate notification of and intervention by the UNHCR. It does not appear UNHCR assistance was sought in this case.

Whether the Ethiopian refugees in Norway have a “well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion” under the Convention presents interesting legal questions. The Convention requires states to include in their asylum procedures, among other things, an up-to-date knowledge of all the relevant objective circumstances in the country of origin. Such knowledge should play a critical role in the determination of whether to grant asylum. The burden of proof is on the asylum applicant, but the standard of proof in asylum cases is not “well-founded fear of persecution” beyond a reasonable doubt, but rather proof that it is “reasonably possible”.

For the Ethiopian political refugees, obtaining corroborative evidence of “well-founded fear of being persecuted…” is difficult and sometimes impossible given the extremely oppressive nature of Zenawi’s dictatorship. Because of language issues and inability to legally articulate their factual circumstances, inability to remember all dates, times and places and other minor details and statements that may contain minor inconsistencies or are incorrect for lack of understanding of the process, it is easy to mistake an applicant’s claim for asylum as lacking credibility. Under the Convention, the totality of factors is taken into account in the overall assessment of the applicant’s credibility. If the applicant presents a claim which is coherent, credible and plausible, the Convention Convention urges giving the benefit of the doubt to the applicant as regards those statements for which evidentiary proof is lacking.

The “up-to-date knowledge of all the relevant objective circumstances” in Ethiopia has been documented by nearly every major human rights organization in the world and the world’s major media. The facts are incontrovertible and summarized in the Human Rights Watch World Report 2012: Ethiopia:

Ethiopian authorities continued to severely restrict basic rights of freedom of expression, association, and assembly. Hundreds of Ethiopians in 2011 were arbitrarily arrested and detained and remain at risk of torture and ill-treatment…Long-term pre-trial detention without charge, often without access to counsel, is common, notably under the Anti-Terror law, which allows police to request additional investigation periods of 28 days each from a court before filing charges, for up to four months. Human Rights Watch is aware of at least 29 opposition party members, journalists, and an actor who at this writing were currently held in remand detention under the Anti-Terror law… The restrictive Charities and Societies Proclamation, adopted in 2009, which prohibits organizations receiving more than 10 percent of their funding from abroad from carrying out human rights and governance work, continues to severely hamper basic rights monitoring and reporting activities… No independent domestic or international organization has access to all of Ethiopia's detention facilities; it is impossible to determine the number of political prisoners and others arbitrarily detained or their condition.

What Could Happen to the Political Refugees Forcibly Returned by Norway?

MoU or no MoU, the Ethiopians political refugees forcibly returned will very likely face all forms of overt and subtle persecution. Without a doubt, upon their forcible return, they will be rendered right-less. Though the Ethiopian Constitution grants them a panoply of rights fortified by international human rights conventions (Eth. Const., Art. 13), they will have absolutely no constitutional protection. In the absence of freedom of speech and of the press, they will be unable to communicate their circumstances to anyone. In the absence of an independent judiciary, they will have no means of seeking justice or redress for grievances under law or the MoU. In the absence of civil society institutions, they will have no one to champion their cause and defend their rights. In the absence of the rule of law, one by one they will be picked up, jailed and tortured.

Zenawi is a cunning, calculating and spiteful dictator. He knows that in a few months the issue of these refugees will fade out of public awareness. He knows there will be no one to follow on their welfare or circumstances. He knows there are no groups and organizations in the country who will closely monitor the situation of these refuges. Zenawi will bide his time. When no one is noticing, he will nab each one of these repatriated refugees and there will be no traces of them. That is his M.O. It can be predicted with reasonable certainty that in one year’s time, few of the returned refugees will be available for a head count!

The Norwegian MoU, like the Ethiopian Constitution, will offer nothing but lofty words and empty promises to the refugees. It will have little practical meaning or effect in the face of Zenawi’s brutal dictatorship. History will show that the Norwegian MoU will amount to nothing more than just a scrap of paper.

What Would Dr. Fridtjof Nansen Do with the Ethiopian Refugees?

Norway is known for many great things -- the Nobel Prize, international peace and the Oslo Accords. Norway was even rated as the most peaceful nation in the world in 2007. Norway is also known for its extraordinary humanitarian service to refugees worldwide. The internationally renowned Norwegian Refugee Council has provided assistance and protection to millions of refugees and returnees worldwide since the end of WW II.

When it comes to helping refugees, few equal the great Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat and humanist, Dr. Fridtjof Nansen. Dr. Nansen was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1922 for his humanitarian efforts on behalf of stateless persons (the “Nansen Passport” that was an international identity card for stateless refugees). Because of Dr. Nansen’s work and efforts, the lives of millions of Russian, Greek, Turkish and Armenian refugees were saved. More recently, former Norwegian soccer star Bjorn Heidenstrom cycled from North to South Africa to put the spotlight on millions of forcibly displaced Africans.

Regarding the Ethiopian political refugees, the prominent Norwegian author Jan Kjerstad perhaps described it best: “It is possible this is the right thing to do (deportation) seen from a bureaucratic point of view… Nevertheless, in the big picture, this is an ethical act for which there is only one word: shame.”
If I could ask one question of Prime Minster Jens Stoltenberg and his ruling party, it would be this: What would Dr. Nansen do with your MoU, or better yet your RfC program? I believe he would offer an MOU of his own to his fellow Norwegians: Moral Outrage Urged!

Shame!
Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at:
http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic
and http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24
Previous commentaries by the author are available at:
http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/ and
www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/

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Amharic Translation

በሃገራቸው ባለው ጨካኝና አረመኔያዊ አገዛዝ ሳቢያ፤ገዛዙ በፈጠረው የኑሮ ውድነት፤ የነጻነት እጦት፤በችጋሩ፤ በሙስና፤ አረመኔው መንግሥት ሆን ብሎ፤ አውቆ፤ ፍጥረቱ ለጥፋት ተልእኮው በኢትዮጵያዊያን ላይ ስደትናእንግልትን ማደርጀት ነው፤ በሚፈጽመው የዲያቢሎስ ተግባር ሃገራቸውን ጥለው የተሰደዱት ኢትዮጵያዊያን በሰሜን አፍሪካ፤በመካከለኛው ምስራቅ በሌሎችም የአፍሪካ ሃገራት ለባሰ መከራና ስቃይ እየተዳረጉ ነው፡፡ ኢትዮጵያውስጥ መኖር ሳይሆን ለመኖር ማሰብ እንኳ ችግር ሆኖባቸው ስደትን ቢመርጡም ስደቱም ዳግም እያሰደዳቻው ነው፡፡

ባለፈው ጃንዋሪ በሺህ የሚቆጠሩትን ኢትዮጵያዊያን የቤት ሰራተኞች፤ ወደሰሜን አፍሪካና ወደመካከለኛው ምስራቅ ፍልሰትን፤ ስደትን በተመለከተ ‹‹ኢትዮጵያ፤ ለመካከላኛው ምስራቅ የሽግግር ሰርጥ›› የሚል አንድ ጽሁፍአውጥቼ ነበር፡፡ ተጨባጭ የሆኑ ማረጋገጫ ማስረጃዎች፤በነዚህ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ላይ የሚደርሰውን ግፍ፤ በደልና ኢሰብአዊ ድርጊትና ‹‹በውል የታሰረ ባርነት›› የሚደርስባቸውን መደፈርና የኤኮኖሚ ጫናና ግፍ በገሃድ ያሳያል፡፡ባለፈው ኦገስት መጨረሻ ላይ የጋዳፊ ልጅ ሚስት የኢትዮጵያዊት የቤት ሰራተኛዋ ላይ የፈላ ውሃ በመላ ሰውነቷ ላይ በመገልበጥ እንዳቃጠለቻትና ፊቷ ማንነቷን ማሳየት እስከሚያስቸግር ድረስ አድርሳት እንደነበረ ምስሏንተመልክተናል፤አለያም ሰምተናል (ለቪዲዮ እዚህ ይጫኑ) ፡፡ ሌላዋ ወጣት የቤት ሰራተኛ፤ግፉ ስላንገሸገሻትና ምሬት ስለበዛባት፤የመለስ ዜናዊን አገልጋይ በአንድ ስብሰባ ላይ ፊት ለፊት ተጋፈጠችው(ለቪዲዮ እዚህ ይጫኑ) ፡፡ጥያቄ እያነሳች መልስ እጣ ብላ አፋጠጠችው፡፡‹‹ለምንድን ነው ይሄ መንግሥታችን ስለእኛ ደንታ ቢስ የሆነው?ለምን ስለእኛ ትንሽ እንኳን አያስብም፤ምን ሆናችሁ? መን ገጠማችሁ? ለምን አይለንም? ዓይኖቿ በእንባ ተሞልተው እያነባች ‹‹የታለ ባንዲራችን? አሁንስ በቃ አንገፈገፈኝ ከዚህ በላይ ዝምታ አልችልም››!!!!! (ለቪዲዮ እዚህ ይጫኑ)

ከሁለት ሳምንታት በፊትም ሌላዋ ስደተኛ ኢትዮጵያዊት የቤት ሰራተኛ፤ያድኑኛል፤በችግሬ ይደርሱልኛል፤በዜግነቴ ከጎኔ ቆመው ይሞግቱልኛል፤ አያስነኩኝም ብላ በሞኝነት የዜግነት መብቷ በምታምንባቸውበሌባነን በሚገኘው የኢትዮጵያ ኤምባሲ ደጃፍ፤ በጎዳና ላይ እንደቆሻሻ እቃ ስትጎተትና ስቃይ ሲደርስባት፤ እየተረገጠችና እየተጠፈጠፈች ፍዳዋን ስትበላ፤ አመኔታዋን የጣለችባቸው የቆንሲላው ባለስላጣን፤የገዢው መንግስትአገልጋዮች፤በየመስኮታቸው ሆነው ከማየት ውጪ ሳይደርሱላት ቀሩ(ለቪዲዮእዚህይጫኑ)በግድና በጉልበት መንገደኛው እንደ ትርኢት ጉዱን እያየ፤ የቆንሲላውም የገዢው ሹሞች ድርሽሳይሉላት፤በጠራራ ጸሃይ ታፍና በመኪና ተወሰደች፡፡ ከቀናት በኋላም፤የሊባኖስ ባለስልጣናት፤ኢትዮጵያዊቷ ዓለም በነበረችበት የስነልቡና ታካሚዎች ሆስፒታል ውስጥ እራሷን መግደሏን ይፋ አደረጉ፡፡ባለፉት ጥቂት ቀናት ኢትዮጵያዊያን የመን ከሚገኘው የተባበሩት መንግሥታት የስደተኞች ጉዳይ ኮሚሽን እርዳታ ለማግኘት በሄዱበት ጊዜ በየመን ፖሊሶች በአደባባይ እንደተደበደቡ ተዘግቦ ነበር፡፡ ከነዚህም ኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞች መሃል 25ቱ ለእስር ሲዳረጉ፤ ሌሎች ደግሞ በየመን ሰብአዊ ምት ጠባቂ ቢሮ ለአቤቱታና ለደህንነታቸው ጥበቃ ለመጠየቅ ቢሄዱ ዳግም በየመን ፖሊስ የዱላ ናዳ ወርዶባቸዋል፡፡ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞች በኬንያ፤ በሱዳን፤በደቡብ አፍሪካም በሕግ አስከባሪፖሊሶችና በጎዳና የሃገሬው ጉልበተኞች ግፍና መከራ ደርሶባቸዋል፡፡በዓለም ላይ መብታቸውን የተገፈፉና መድረሻ ያጡ፤በሃገራቸውም እንደዜጋ፤ በስደትም እንደ ሰብአዊ ፍጡር ሕልውናቸው ተገፎ ለመከራና ለስቃይ የተዳረጉሕዝቦች ኢትዮጵያዊያኖች ናቸው፡፡

በቅርቡ አዲሱ አሳዛኝና የበደል በደል የሆነው፤የኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞች የግፍ ዜና ደሞ የተሰማው ከኖርዌይ ነው፡፡ሰሞኑን የኒርዌይ መንግስት፤የግዴታ ምልሰት፤(forced deportation) በሚል አዲስ አስገድዶ ወደ መጡበትለመመለስ ባወጣው ደንብ፤ ከመቶ እስከ ሺህ የሚቆጠሩ ኢትዮጵያዊያን የፖለቲካ ስደተኞችን፤ወደ ኢትዮጵያ ሊመልስ ነው፡፡ እንደሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋች ድርጅቶች ዘገባ፤እነዚህ ኢትዮጵየዊያን ስደተኞች ላለፉት በርካታዓመታት በኖርዌይ በስራ ተሰማርተው እንደነበር ያስረዳሉ፡፡እነዚህ ስደተኞች በመጀመርያ ወደ ኖርዌይ ሲገቡ በሃገሩ መንግሥት የስራ ፈቃድ ደብተር በህጋዊ መንገድ ተስጥቷቸው እንደነበርና፤ በኖርዊጂያን ሕብረተሰብ መሃልሠርተው እንዲኖሩ መብት አግኝተው እንደነበር ይገልጻሉ፡፡ስደተኞቹ ኢትዮጵያዊያንም፤የሃገሪቱን ቋንቋ አጥንተው፤ከባሕሉ ጋር ተግባብተውና ተስማምተው በመኖር ላይ ናቸው፡፡ ከነዚህ ለመከራ የተዳረጉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞችመሃልም፤በኖርዌይ የተወለዱና ለበርካታ ዓመታት የስደተኛነት ፍቃድ ጠያቂዎች ማእከል ውስጥ የሚኖሩ 450 ሕጻናት ይገኙበታል፡፡ከሕጻናቱ መሃል በርካታዎቹ ከኖርዌጂያን ቋንቋ ውጪ አያውቁም፤ ሕጻናቱ በሙሉትምህርታቸውን በመከታታል ላይ ያሉ ናቸው፡፡

እነዚህ ስደተኞች በሃገራቸው ያለውን ግፈኛና ጨቋኝ የመለስን ገዢ መንግሥት መከራ ለማምለጥ በጥፍራቸው ቆመው፤እድላቸውን ብቻ ተስፋ በማድረግ እግራቸው እስኪላላጥና፤ችጋር በስቃይ ቆልቷቸው የስደት ዓላማቸውየተሳካላቸው ናቸው፡፡ አብዛኛዎቹም የመለስን ግፈኛና ዘረኛ፤ ፈላጭ ቆራጭ፤ አምባገነን መንግሥት ተቃዋሚዎች ናቸው ፡፡ በአለፈው ኦክቶበር 2011 በኦስሎ የተካሄደውን የኤነርጂ ስብሰባ ምክንያት በማድረግ የመለስንበስብሰባው ላይ መገኘት በመቃወም፤በሃገራቸውና በወገናቸው ላይ የሚደርሰውን ግፍ ፈጻሚውና አስፈጻሚው መለስ የተባለ ነቀርሳ መሆኑን በማጋለጥ፤ በኦስሎ ከተማ አደባባይ የተቃውሞ ሰልፍ ያደረጉ ናቸው (ለቪዲዮእዚህይጫኑ) በኖርዌይ ያለውን ነጸነት፤ የሰብአዊ መብት መከበር፤ ሃሳብን በነጻ የመግለጽ ነጻነት መሰረተ በማድረግ፤ላለፉት በርካታ ዓመታት በዓለም ዙርያ ያሉ ኢትዮጵያውያን የሚያነሱትን ርእሰ ጉዳይ በመቀላቀል ይሳተፉየነበሩ ቀንደኛ ተቃዋሚዎችና ለሃገርና ለሕዝብ የቆሙ ስደተኞች ናቸው፡፡

‹‹የመግባቢያው ስምምነት ሰነድ››

የዚህ አስገድዶ ወደ መጡበት የግፍና የመከራ፤ ከዚያም አልፎ ለሞት አገዛዝ ወዳለበት መመለስ መሰረቱ፤የመግባቢው ስምምነት ሰነድ (MOU) (መ ስ ሰ) መፈራረም ነው፡፡ይህ ስምምነት የዓለም አቀፍ ሰብአዊ መብትን ድንጋጌበተመለከተ፤ወደ መጡበት መመለስን የሚያመላክተውን አንቀጽ ሰበብ በማድረግ በግፈኛውና ዘረኛው መለስ ዜናዊና፤በኖርዌይ መንግሥት መሃል የተፈረመ ነው፡፡ የስምምነቱ አላማም የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥት፤ ወደ መጡበትየሚመለሱትን መብት እንዲያከብር ይላል፡፡የምልሰቱንም ሂደት በተመለከተ የኖርዌይ መንግስት አስፈላጊውን ቁጥጥር ማድረግ፤ ድጋፍ መስጠትን፤ለኢትዮጵያ ግፍኛና ፈላጭ ቆራጭ መንግስት እንደሚያደርግ ስምምነት ተደርጓል፡፡በፍቃደኝነት ወደ ሀገራቸው ለመመለስ የተስማሙት በሙሉ ሃገራቸው እንደደረሱ የተወሰነ የገንዘብ መቋቋሚያ ድጋፍ እንደሚደረግላቸው ቃል ተገብቶላቸዋል፡፡

በጣም አሳፋሪውና አሳዛኙ ጉዳይ ደግሞ፤በመስማሚያውሰነድ ተለጣፊ ሰነድ (annex) ቁጥር 3 ላይ የሰፈረው ነው፡፡ ‹‹ የኖርዌይ መንግሥት ስለኢያንዳንዱ ተመላሸ ስደተኛ የግል ታሪክ፤ፓስፖርት፤ማንነት (ዘር) የመንጃ ፈቃድ፤ በአዲስ አበባ በሚገኘው የሮያል ኖርዌይ ኤምባሲ ቢሮበኩል ለመለስ ግፈኛ መንግስት የስለላ ድርጅት ቢሮ እንደሚሰጥና ሁሉንም ሂደትና አፈጻጸም በተመለከተም የኖርዌይ ፖሊስና ደህንነት ቢሮ እንደሚከታተል ይገልጻል፡፡ይህም ማለት የእያንዳንዱ ተመላሽ ስደተኛ ማንነትና ተግባርከታወቀ በኋላ ለወህኒ መዳረግንና ግርፊያን፤መከራን ያስከትላል፡፡በዚህም የኖርዌይ መንግሥት ለዘረኛውና አምባገነኑ መለስ የደህንነትና የቁጥጥር ስራ እየሰራለት ነው ማለት ነው፡፡

ስምምነቱ እንደተፈረመ ወዲያው፤የኖርዌይ ዓለምአቀፍ ልማት ሚኒስትር ኤሪክ ሶልሄይም የመለስ ገዢና ግፈኛ ኢሰብአዊ፤ጸረ ዴሞክራሲ፤ ፍትህ አልባ መንግስት 350 ሚሊዮን ክሮነር ዓመታዊ እርዳታ እንደሚመጸወት አስታወቀ፡፡(ይህ ሁኔታ እነደአዲስ ሊያስገርመን አይገባም፡፡ በዘመነ ደርግ ቤተእስራኤሎችን የማጓጓዙ ሂደት ላይ የመንግሽትን ይሁንታ ለማግኘት 35 ሚሊዮን የአሜሪካን ዶላር ክፍያ ተፈጽሟል፡፡ይህም ስደተኞችን በዘመናዊ የኖርዌጂያዊ ዘዴ የስደተኞችሽያጭ መሆኑ ነው፡ ኖርዌይን ያህል ሰላማዊ ነኝ ብሎ፤ የሰብአዊ መብት ሊከበር እንደሚገባ የሚዘምር መንግሥት፤በሕዝቡ ሳይሆን በግዴለሽ ባለስልጣናት እንዲህአይነት ተግባር መፈጸሙ የሚያሳዝን ነው፡፡ ጉዳዩን በተመለከተ በርካታ የዓለም አቀፍ ሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋቾች፤የኖርዌይ የተለያዩ የፖለቲካ መሪዎች፤የሃገሪቱ ተቃዋሚ ፓርቲዎችና ግለሰቦችም ስለ ምልሰቱ የጠነከረ ተቃውሞ አሰምተዋል፡፡
የመግባቢያ ሰነድ ወይስ ስደተኞችን ሽያጭ

በቅድሚያ ሊብራራ የሚገባው ጉዳይ አለ፡፡ በማንኛውም የዓለም አቀፍ የሕግ ዘርፍ፤ይህ የመግባቢያ ሰነድ በጭራሽ የስደተኞች በግዳጅ የመመለስ ስምምነት ሰነድ ሊባል አይችልም፡፡በዓለም አቀፍ ሕግጋት መሰረት፤ የመግባቢያሰነድ በዋናነት ሊጠቀስ የሚችል የሕግ ሰነድ ነው፡፡ይህም ብዙ የስምምነት ሰነዶች አካል(treaty) ሊሆን ስለሚገባ በተባበሩት መንግሥታት ጽ/ቤት ተመዝግቦ እውቅና ሊያገኝ የሚያስፈልገው ነው፡፡ የመግባቢያ ስምምነት ሰነድበሚገባ በሥራ ላይ ከዋለ እንደመደበኛ የስምምነት ሰነድ ሊያገለግል ይችላል፡፡ይህ ሰነድ ዋስትና ነው አይደለም ለሚለውም ዓለም አቀፉ ደንብ በሚጠይቀው መሰረት በሁለቱ ተስማሚዎች መሃል የሚኖር ውለታ ነው፡፡

የኖርዌይ መንግስትና ግፈኛው የመለስ ገዢ ስርአት ውለታ የተግባቡበት ያላዋቂ ሳሚ አይነት ሙንጫሪ እንጂ ሰነድ ነው ለመባል ያላሟላው ግድፈት ስላለበት ሕጋዊ ሰነድ ሊባል አይችልም፡፡የሞራል ልሽቀትን ለመሸፈኛ፤ይህንንምተጠቅሞ ለሰው በላውና ግፈኛው መለስ ዜናዊ ወህኒ ቤቶችና ከፍ ብሎም ጣታቸው የመሳርያቸውን ቃታ ለመሳብ፤ሰብአዊ ፍጠርን ስብእናውን አሳጥቶ ለመግደል፤ጣታቸውን ለሚያሳክካቸው፤ የመግደል ሱሰኞች፤ የመለስአገልጋዮች ለማስረከብ የተነደፈ ነው፡፡

‹‹የመለስ ወህኒ ቤቶች ግፍና በንጹሃን ዜጎች ላይ የሚያደርሰው በደል በሰፊው የተነገረለትና የታወቀ ነው›› ሰነዱ በቀድሞው አጠራር ‹‹የጨዋ ሰዎች ስምምነት››(gentlemen’s agreement) አለያም‹‹የሰነድ ልውውጥ›› (exchange of notes) ይባል የነበረው አይነት ነው፡፡(በግምትና በምናልባት ላይ የተመሰረተ ሃሳብ ነው፡፡) ሊሆን ይችላል በሚል ግንዛቤ የተቀረጸ ስለሆነ ጨርሶ ግዴታ አያስገባም፡፡በመለስና በኖርዌይመንግስት መሃል የስደተኞችን ደህንነትና ቀጣይ ሰላማዊ ኑሮን በተመለከተ አንዳችም ዋስትና ያላዘለው ይህ ሰነድ፤የኖርዌይ መንግስት በሃገሩ በሕጋዊ መንገድ ገብተው ዓለም አቀፍ የስደተኞች ሕግ በሚጠይቀው መሰረት ዛሬ ነገእየተባሉ፤ መልስ በመጠባበቅ ላይ ያሉትን ኢትዮጵያዊያን፤ለመለስ የግፍና የኢሰብአዊ አገዛዝ አሳልፎ በመስጠት ባለፈው በመሃላቸው ለተፈጠረው አለመግባባት ማለዘቢያ ማድረግ ነው፡፡ ሰነዱ አንድ ጊዜ በአውሮፕላን ተጭነውለግፍና ለመከራ ድርጎ ከተራገፉ በኋላ አንዳች መብት ማስከበርያ አለያ የመለስን መንግሥት ለተጠያቂነት የሚያበቃ ቃል የለውም፡፡ የኖርዌይ መንግሥት ከሃገሩ አውጥቶ ለጅብ መንጋ ካስረከበ በኋላ ተበሉ አልተበሉ፤ተነከሱ አልተነከሱ ጠፉ ኖሩ ጉዳዩ አይደለም፡፡ ምናልባት፤ የኖርዌይ መንግሥት ይህን ሰነድ የመግባቢያ ስምምነት ሰነድ ሊለው ይችላል፤ቀሪው ዓለም ግን ‹‹ስደተኞችን ለንዋይ›› አለያም ሰብአዊ ፍጡሮችን ለተፈጠረአለመግባባትና ቁርሾ ማለዘቢያ ከማለት ውጪ ምንም ብሎ ሊጠራው አይችልም፡፡

ጠቦቶችን ለቀበሮ መንጋ ማቅረብ

ኔቪል ቻምበርሊን፤ በሁለተኛው ዓለም ጦርነት ዋዜማ፤ በጀግንነትና በድል አድራጊነት ‹‹ይህ ውል ሁለቱ ሃገሮች ወደ ጦርነት እንዳይገቡና ከጦርነት እንዲርቁ የተፈረመ ነው………ስሙ የሰፈረበት ሰነድ ይሄው፤የኔም ስምአለበት……››ብሎ ተናገረ፡፡ወዲያው ግን የሙኒክ ውለታ ወይም ስምምነት፤ ከተጻፈበት ወረቀት ያነሰ ዋጋ ያለው እንደነበረ ለመገንዘብ ተቻለ፡፡ ሂትለርም በቻምበርሊን የስላቅ ሳቅ ሳቀበት፡፡
የራሱን ሕገ መንግሥት የረገጠና የጨፈለቀ ራሱ ያወጣቸውን ሕግጋት የጣሰ እና የደመሰሰ ፤ የዓለም አቀፍ ሰብአዊ መብቶች ድንጋጌ ያሾፈናያላገጠ፤ በአሰርትሺ የሚቆጠሩ ዜጎችን ለእስርና ለመከራ የዳረገ፤ በምርጫ 99.6 በመቶ አሸነፍኩ ብሎ ከሰውም አልፎ ለራሱ የዋሸ፤ የአጠቃላይ ተቃዋሚ ድርጅቶችንና ዴሞክራሲያዊ ተቋማትን እንቅስቃሴ የገታ፤ጋር መዋዋል ዘበት ነው፡፡ በጣም መጥፎ የሆነ አላዋቂነት ላይ የተመሰረተ ክህደት ነው፡፡አለያም የኖርዌይ መንግሥት ስለ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞች ደንታቢስ መሆኑንና ለወደፊትም ኖርዌይን ለስደት የሚመኙትን ተስፋ በማስቆረጫነት ለመጠቀም የተዘረጋ መረብ ነው፡፡

ይህንን የመግባቢያ ሰነድየኖርዌጂያን መንግሥት የስደት ተቀባይነት ላጡ ኢትዮጵያዊያን እንደ ‹ሰብአዊ›› እና ‹‹የክብር›› የምልሰት ‹‹ሰብአዊ ቅልቅል››በመጥራቱ መሳቂያና መሳለቂያ ነው የሆነው፡፡የኖርዌይ መንግሥት ረዘም ያለየቅሌት መንገድ ተጉዞ፤ዓለም ይህን የስምምነት ሰነድ ‹‹የሰብአዊነት መልሶ መቀላቀያ›› ቢለውም በመጨረሻው ግን ግፈኛውና ፈላጭ ቆራጩ ዘረኛው መለስ ዜናዊ፤በኖርዌይ መንግስትና ባለስልጣናት ሞኝነትና፤ ባሳዩት የሞኝአመኔታ እንደአምሳያው ሂትለር ፍቅፍቅ ብሎ ይስቅባቸዋል፡፡ ወደ ሃገራቸው በመገደድ የተመለሱትም ኢትዮጵያዊያን በመለስ የማጎርያ ወህኒዎች ተመልካች አጥተው ለተለያዩ መከራና ስቃይ ተዳርገው እምባዎቻቸው አልቀው፤ደም ያጎርፋሉ፡፡ በዚህ የመግባቢያ ስምምነት ሰነድም የኖርዌይ መንግሥት የእነዚህን ተመልካች ያጡ መከረኛ ኢትዮጵያዊያን በብርና እንቁ ያጌጠ ሰሃን ላይ አድርጎ ለመለስ ዜናዊ የቀበሮ መንጋ በዳረጎት መልክ አቅርቧል፡፡ዕውነታው በምንም መልኩ አጠያያቂ አይደለም፡፡
በኢትዮጵያ ወቅታዊውና ትክክለኛው ሁኔታ፤ በዓለም ላይ ባሉ በአብዛኛዎቹ የሰብአዊ መብት ተሟጋች ድርጅቶች እና በዓለም ግንባር ቀደም መገናኛዎች የታወቀና የተሰራጨ ነው፡፡ሃቁ ያማይታበልና በአጭሩ በሁማን ራይትስ ዎች የ2012 ስለኢትዮጵያ ሁኔታ የቀረበ ነው፡፡ የሂዩማን ራይትስ ዎች ዘገባ እንዲህ ብሏል

የኢትዮጵያ መንግሥትና ባለስልጣናት መሰረታዊ የሆነውን ራስን በነጻ የመግለጽ መብትን፤ የዜጎችን የሰላማዊ ሰልፍ መብት እየገደቡት ነው፡፡በ2011 በርካታ ኢትዮጵያዊያን በግፍ ታፍሰው ለእስር ተዳርገዋል፤እስከአሁንድረስም ለግፍ ተዳርገው፤በስቃይና በመከራ በእስር ላይ ናቸው፡፡ክስ ሳይመሰርትባቸው፤በመታሰርና በተለዋጭ ተጨማሪ ቀጠሮ በመጉላላት፤ከጠበቆቻቸ ውና ከቤተሰቦቻቸው ጋር ግንኙነት ተከልክለው፤በተለይሽብርተኛነትን ለመከላከል በወጣው አዋጅ መሰረት፤መብትን እንደፈለጉ መንፈግ በመቻሉ፤በዚያ እየተጠቀሙ ታሳሪዎችን ለግፍ ያበቃሉ፡፡ይህንንም እስከ አራት ወራት ድረስ ለመጠቀም አዋጁ ይፈቅዳል፡፡ በ2009የጸደቀው አዋጅም፤ መንግሥታዊ ያልሆኑ ሃገር በቀል እርዳታ ለጋሽ ድርጅቶችን፤ከ10 በመቶ በላይ የውጭ እርዳታ ማግኘት የሚያግድ በመሆኑ፤ምንም አይነት ጠቃሚ እንቅስቃሴ እንዳያደርጉ አግዷቸዋል፡፡ ሃገር በቀሉምሆነ ዓለምአቀፋዊ ድርጅቶች ጨርሶ ወህኒ ቤቶችን መጎብኘት አይችሉም፡፡በእስራት ላይ የሉትን የፖለቲካ አስረኞችም ይሁን ሌሎች ታሳሪዎች ያሉበትን ሁኔታ ማወቅ አዳጋች ነው፡፡

በኖርዌይ በሚገኙ ኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞች ላይ በማንዣበብ ላይ ያለው ተጨባጭ ፍርሃት

ኖርዌይ ስለ ስደተኞች ያላትን ሕግ ለኖርዌይ ሕገደንብና የፍትሕ ስርአት የሚተው ይሆናል፡፡ያም ሆኖ ግን የኖርዌይ የስደተኞች ሕግጋት በ1951 እ አ አ የተደነገገውንና በ ማርች 23 1953 የጸደቀውን፤ በ1967 የተሸሻለውንየስደተኞች መብት መጠበቂያ ዓለም አቀፍ ደንብን ግን ያከበረ ሊሆን ይገባል፡፡
የኮንቬንሽኑ ቁጥር 1 ስደተኛን በተመለከተ ‹‹በተጨባጭ ማስረጃ በዘሩ፤ በሃይማኖቱ፤በብሔሩ የአንድ ፖለቲካ ድርጅት፤የአንድ ስብስብ አባል በመሆኑ፤ከትውልድ ሃገሩ በመሰደድ በሃገሩ ላይ ሰብአዊ መብቱ የተጠጋውን ስደተኛነው››ይለዋል፡፡›› ኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞችም ይህን ደንብ አጣቅሰው ነው ክርክራቸውን የሚያቀርቡት፡፡
በኮንቬንሽኑ ቁጥር 33 (1) መሰረት ‹‹በጎሳው፤በሃይማኖቱ፤በብሔሩ፤በፖለቲካ አቋሙ፤ ማንኛቸውም ሃገር ስደተኛውን ለማባረር አለያም ሸሽቶ ወደ ወጣበት ሃገርና ስብእናው ወደሚደፈርበት የአረመኔ ገዢዎች ወደሚገዙበት ሃገሩመልሶ ሊልከው፤እንዲሄድ ሊያስገድደው ጨርሶ አይገባም፡፡›› አስገድዶ ወደመጡበት መመለስን ዓለም አቀፉ ሕጋዊ ተቋምም በጽኑ የሚያወግዘውና የሚቃወመው ተግባር ነው፡፡ ይህ ሲጣስ የተባበሩት መንግሥታት የስደተኞችኮሚሽን ጣልቃ ገብነት ያስፈልጋል፡፡ በዚህ በኖርዌይ የኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞች ጉዳይ ግን የተባበሩት መንግሥታት የስደተኞች ኮሚሽን ጣልቃ ገብነት የታሰበበት አይመስልም፡፡

በኖርዌይ ያሉት ኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞች በዘራቸው፤በሃይሞነታቸው፤በብሔራቸው፤ባላቸው የፖለቲካ አቋም፤ የተነሳ በሕይወታቸው ላይ ሊደርስባቸው የሚችለውን ከፍተኛ ስጋት በተመለከተ ከኮነቬንሽኑ ድንጋጌ በመነሳት ሕጋዊየመብት ጥያቄን ያስነሳል፡፡ ተቀባይ ሀገራት፤አለያም ስደተኞቹ ያሉበት የስደት ሃገር፤ሊያጣራ የሚገባቸው ጉዳዮች በግልጽ በኮነቬንሽኑ ላይ ሰፍረዋል፡፡የሃገራቱ የስደተኞች ሕግ መመርያ የስደተኛውን የትውልድ ሃገር ወቅታዊ ሁኔታማጣራት እንዳለበት ያመለክታል፡፡ማስረጃዎችን የማቅረቡ ግዴታ በስደተኛው ላይ የሚጣል ሲሆን፤የማስረጃው ክብደትና ጥንካሬ በስደት ወቅት ግን ያለምንም ጥርጣሬ የስደተኛውን ፍርሃት እርግጠኛነት ላይሆን እንደሚችልሳይሆን ሊሆን እንደሚችል መቀበልን ይጠይቃል፡፡

የግፈኛውን የመለስ ዜናዊን ተለዋዋጭና እስስታዊ ፤የዲክታተርነት ባሕሪው በየወቅቱ እየባሰ ማደግ መሰረት ባደረገ መልኩ፤ኢትዮጵየዊያን ስደተኞች ላይ ሊደርስባቸው የሚችለውን ስቃይ መከራና ፍዳ፤ ከኢትዮጵያውያን ውጪላሉ በማረጋገጥ ማስረጃ ማቅረብና ማሳመን አስቸጋሪ ነው፡፡ መለስ ካለራሱ ስልጣንና ጥቅም ውጪ የማየት ችሎታው ስለጠፋበት፤ለውጭ ሰዎችና ለሃገር ውስጥ ሕዝቦች ካባውን መቀያየሩን ያውቅበታል፡፡ ሃሰቱን እውነትለማስመሰልም ከራሱ ጤፍ ከሚቆላ ምላሱ ባለፈ፤ ሌሎችን በመቅጠር ተሟጋቾች እያቆመ፤የውጪውን ዓለም ሲያታልል፤ ሲያስመስል፤የከረመና አሁንም ያለ ነው፡፡ እነዚህ ስደተኞች ሃሳባቸውን ባሉበት ሃገር ላሉ ባለስልጣናትበቋንቋቸው ማስረዳት ባለመቻላቸው፤ ሕጉን ካለማወቅ፤የእያንዳንዱን የድርጊት ቀናት በውል ካለማስታወስ፤ቅደም ተከተልን ካለመገንዘብ የተነሳ በዘገባ አቀራረብ ላይ መመሳቀል ሳቢያ፤ያላሟላና የማያሳምን ለማለት ቀላል ነው፡፡ኮንቬንሽኑ በስደተኞች ጉዳይ ሂደት ላይ ሊከሰቱ የሚችሉትን አንዳንድ ድክመቶች በማገናዘብ፤ስደተኛውን በመደገፍ ለውሳኔው ቀናነት መቆምን መሰረት ማድረግ እንደሚገባ ያስቀምጣል፡፡

በኖርዌይ መንግሥት በግዴታ ወደ ሃገራቸው እንዲመለሱ በሚደረጉ ስደተኞች ላይ ምን ሊደርስባቸው ይችላል?
የመግባቢያ ስምምነት (MoU) ይኑርም አይኑርም፤የኢትዮጵያዊያን ስደተኞች ወደሃገራቸው እንደተመለሱ በግፈኛው ገዢ መንግስት ጫና እንደሚፈጠርባቸው፤ ለእስርና እንግልት እንደሚዳረጉ አያጠያይቅም፡፡ ካላንዳች ጥርጣሬበዚህ የግዳጅ ምልሰታቸው መብት አልባ ይሆናሉ፡፡ ምንም እንኳን ሕገመንግሥቱ መብት አላቸው ቢልም( የኢትየዮጵያ ሕገ መንግሥት አንቀጽ 13 (የዓለም አቀፍ ሰብአዊ መብቶችን፤ያካትታል፡፡) በፍጹም ሕገመንግስታዊ መብታቸው አይከበርላቸውም፡፡ሃሳብን የመግለጽና የነጻው ፕሬስ በታገደበት ሃገር፤የሚደርስባቸውን በደል አቤት የሚሉበት ጨኸታቸውን የሚያሰሙበት መንገድ አይኖራቸውም፡፡ ፍትህ በተዋረደበትና በዘቀጠበትምድር፤ፍትሕን ያገኙበትና፤ የሚደርስባቸውንም በደል የሚሞግቱበት መንገድ ጨርሶ የማይታሰብ ነው፡፡ የሲቪል ማሕበራት ተቋማት በታፈኑበት፤ማንም ሊቆምላቸው አይችልም፡፡የሕግ የበላይነት በማይተወቅበት፤ፈላጭቆራጭነት በነገሠበት፤ የዘር መድልዎ በተንሰራፋበት፤ አድልዎና ማንአለብኝነት በተዘረጋበት የመለስ ግዛት፤ያለጥያቄ አንድ ባንድ እየታገቱ ለሥቃይና ለመከራ ይጋለጣሉ፡፡ እነዚህ በግዳጅ ለምልሰት የተዳረጉ ኢትዮጵያዊያን፤መብታቸውን የሚያስከብሩበት ምንም ዘዴ የላቸውም፡፡በኢትዮጵያ፤ሕግ እራሱን ከሕግ በላይ አድርጎ በኮፈሰው አንድ ሰው እጅ ነው ያለው፡፡በግፈኛው ፈላጭ ቆራጭ መለስ እጅ!

መለስ ዜናዊ አካሄዱን ሁሉ፤በተንኮልና በንፉግ ስሌት እያሰላ፤ወደ ተንኮል ማስገቢያ ዘዴዎች ብቻ፤ህልምና ቅዠቱ የሆኑ፤ቆሞም ተቀምጦም ለጥፋት ተግባር የቆመ፤ጉድለተ ብዙ የሆነ ግለ ሰብ ነው፡፡የነዚህ ስደተኞች ዜና ከተወሰኑ ሳምንታት በኋላ ከሕዝብ ግንዛቤ እንደሚርቅ ያውቃል፡፡ስለ ደህንነታቸውም ሆነ ስለ ሁኔታቸው የሚከታተል አይኖርም ብሎም ያስባል፡፡የነዚህን ስደተኞች ጉዳይ የሚከታተልና መብታቸውንየሚያስከብርላቸው አንድም ተቋም እንደሌለና፤የነበሩትንም ሰንክሎ እንደአገዳቸው ያውቃል፡፡ መለስ ዜናዊ ጊዜውንና ወቅቱን በእኩይ ሚዛን መርምሮ ያገናዝባል፡፡ማንም ትኩረት በማይሰጥበት ጊዜ፤እነዚህን ተገደው የተመለሱስደተኞች፤አንድ ባንድ እያሳፈነ ለመከራ ይዳርጋቸዋል ያጠፋቸዋል፡፡ያ ነው የመለስ የስምምነት ሰነድ ውጤቱ፡፡በቅድሚያ በእርግጠኛነት መተንበይ እንደሚቻለውም ከአንድ ዓመት በኋላ በጣት የሚቆጠሩ ተመላሽ ስደተኞች ብቻበሕይወት ይተርፋሉ፡፡

የ ኖርዌዩ የመግባቢያ ስነት (MoU) እንደ ኢትዮጵያው ሕገመንግሥት ሁሉ፤ከባዶ ተስፋና፤ ከማይጨበጡና ትርጉም አልባ ከሆኑ ቃላት ውጪ፤ሌላ የሚያስገኘው ጥቅምም ሆነ ቁምነገር የለውም፡፡ በመለስ ዜናዊ ፈላጭ ቆራጭአስተሳሰብና ዙፋን ፊት፤በጣም አናሳ የሆነ ትርጉም ብቻ ነው የሚኖራቸው፡፡ የስደተኞቹ ሕገመንግስታዊ ጥበቃ በቅዠት ላይ እንደተመሰረተው ሁሉ በመግባቢያ ሰነዱም (MoU) ላይ የሰፈረውም አርቲ ቡርቲ እንደዚያው ነው፡፡ይህ ሰነድ(MoU) ወደፊት ታሪክ እንደሚመሰክረው ከብጣሽ መጫርያ ወረቀት የተለየ እንደማይሆን የታወቀ ነው፡፡
ስለኢትዮጵያውያን ስደተኞች ዶ/ር ፍሪድትዮፍ ናንሰን ምን ያደርጋሉ?

ኖርዌይ በብዙ ታላልቅ ጉዳዮች ትታወቃለች፡፡--በዓለም አቀፍ የኖቤል ሽልማት፤በዓለም አቀፍ የሰላም እና የኦስሎ አኮርድ፡፡በ2007 እ አ አ ኖርዌይ በዓለም በከፍተኛ ደረጃ የሰላማዊነት ክብር ተጎናጽፋ ነበር፡፡በዓለም ዙርያም ላሉ ስደተኞች በምታደርገው ሰብአዊ ድጋፍም ጭምር ትታወቃለች፡፡ ከሁለተኛው ዓለም ጦርነት ማግስት አንስቶ ዓለም አቀፍ እውቅና ያለው የኖርዌይ የስደተኞች ካውንስል ለተፈናቀሉ፤በሃገራቸው የነበረው አስከፊ ስርአት በዴሞክራሲበመተካቱ፤ሰብአዊ መብቶች በመከበራቸው፤ፍትሕ በአግባቡ መተርጎም በመጀመሩ ወደ ትውልድ ሃገራቸው በፈቃደኝነት ለተመለሱት ድጋፍና እገዛ ችሯል፡፡

የስደተኞችን ጉዳይና ስደተኞችን መርዳት በተመለከተ፤ ለስደተኞች ዘላቂ መፍትሔን በመሻትና ተግባራዊ ማድረግን አስመለክቶ የኖርዌዩን ተመራማሪ፤ሳይንቲስት፤ዲፕሎማት፤ሰብአዊ አገልግሎት ሰጪ፤ ዶር ፍሪድትዮፍ ናንሰንንየሚስተካከል የለም፡፡ዶ/ር ናንሰን፤በ1922 እ አ አ ሃገር አልባ በሆኑ ሰዎች ስም (የ‹‹ናንሰን ፓስፖርት›› በመባል በዓለም አቀፍ ታዋቂ የሆነው ለሃገር አልባ ሰዎች የሚሰጥ መታወቂያ) የዓለም የሠላም ሽልማት ተሸላሚ ለመሆንበቅቷል፡፡የዶር ናንሰን ተግባርና እንቅስቃሴ፤በሚሊዮን የሚቆጠሩ የሩስያውያን፤ የግሪኮችን የቱርኮችን፤ የአርመናውያንን፤ ሕይወት አድኗል፡፡ በቅርቡም የኖርዌዩ ተወላጅ ኳስ ተጫዋቹ ቢዮርን ሄይደንስቶርም በስደተኞች ሕይወትለውጥ ለማምጣትና ግንዛቤ ለማስጨበጥ ሲል ዓለምን በቢስኪሌት ዞሯል፡፡ ታዋቂው ኖርዌጂያዊው ደራሲ ያን ኪየርስታድ የኢትዮጵያዊያንን ስደተኞች ጉዳይ አስመልክቶ በሚገባ ገልጾታል፡፡‹‹ከቢሮክራሲያዊ አካሄድ አኳይ የተፈጸው ተግባር ልክ ነው፡፡(ለምልሰት መዳረግ) ያም ሆነ ይህ ግን ለዚህ የግብር ይውጣ ውሳኔና ትግበራ አንድ ቃል ብቻ ነው መገለጫው፡ ያሳፍራል፡፡››

ዶር ናንሰን ስለ መግባቢያ ስምምነቱ (MoU) እንዲያውም ስለ ስደተኞችን በሽያጭ (RfC) ቢያዩ አለያም ቢሰሙ ምን ሊያደረግ እንደሚችሉ ሳስብ ይገርመኛል፡፡ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር ጀንስ ስቶልተንበርግን አንድ ጥያቄ መጠየቅ ብችል የምላቸው፡ ዶር ናንሰን የእርስዎን የመግባቢያ ስምምነት (MoU) ምን ያደርጉ ነበር? ዶር ናንሰን በጣም እርግጠኛ ነኝ ለኖርዌጂያን ወገኖቻቸው ‹‹የሞራል ቁጣ ሲገደድ›› በሚል ሌላ የመግባቢያ ስምምነት (MoU) ያቀርቡላቸዋል፡፡

18 comments

Comment from: aksum [Member]  
aksum

This is a good exposure of the hypocrisy of the Norwegian government, which is nazi-type. Even the Nazi regime of Germany was more human than the current regime of Norway. Let Norway understand that it cannot paly games with Ethiopians. Ethiopia is under a dictator of an eritrean clique which made Eritrea secede from Ethiopia and is giving Ethiopians hard time. The eritrean controllled regime in Ethiopia murders ethiopians who oppose it’s policy.

Norway is obliged to respect international treaties. No ethiopian refugee should be forced to leave Norway. It is not for the norwegian government to decide whether Ethiopia is safe for citizens to live and work. It is the ethiopian refugees who have to be given the chance to return if they feel safe.

It is really bad for Norway to maltreat Ethiopians. Ethiopia will be free one day and the Meles Regime will have to be brought to justice. It hurts us all ethiopians to see that Norway is maltreating our people.

03/26/12 @ 06:44
Comment from: ment4you [Visitor]
ment4you

Ethiopia is run by a brutal and coward dictator and there is no question about. It is an acceptable and shameful thing to do for Norway to forcefully send these people back and specially the children that had grown up there. This is inhumane and needs to be STOPPED!!!

03/26/12 @ 10:11
Comment from: Belay [Visitor]
Belay

yes ethiopians are having very hard time, one of their learned man a professor insults them as a nation of beggars and as if thats not enough he is actively campaigning against their nation’s effort to use her water resources… Alem-ayehu youare nothing but a dirt trying to hide yourself behind a pile of dirt ….

03/26/12 @ 10:26
Comment from: GEDION--NASHVILLE,TN [Visitor]  
GEDION--NASHVILLE,TN

Norway Norway A very awesome place to grow up in, but has rather cold weather, Bondevik as Prime minister, and more computer-illiterate people than you can shake a ram-stick at.
A place where you can get hotdogs wrapped in bacon at the 7/11, something I can’t believe hasn’t appeared all over America yet.

A place where 90% of the people are extremely attractive, and obese people are hard to find.
A place that will cost you an arm and a leg to visit because of the extremely high standard of living Norwegians enjoy - due in part to the country’s massive oil reserves. norway norway
Prosperous country which would be in deep shit without their precious oil.
The state of Norway has saved over 100 billion US dollars from the oil earnings.
The best place in the world to live, according to the UN.
Damn, that bacon dog was delicious! Too bad it cost me 50 Krones and now I can’t afford to take the trikk back into town Norway
Quite possibly the coolest and most profitable country in the whole world. Is better than everyone except Germany and America in the Winter Olympics, therefore proving its awesomeness. A very cold (cool) northern country in Europe, is a Nordic and Scandinavian country. Has more money per person then any other country. norway norway the best contry ever, and the richest one, and the contry with the best babes and is quite possibly the whitest place on earth. Example: white-skinned, blue-eyed, blond-haired Norwegian rappers Home of “helnorsk svartmetall!”
Home of “True Norwegian Black Metal!”
The birthplace of many Black Metal bands such as Immortal, Emperor, Dimmu Borgir, Mayhem, Darkthrone, Massemord, such and such!!
I love Darkthrone.
I love Immortal.
They are so cool.
norway norway A country that is better than Kenya.
Main exports: Black Metal, fjords, FISH, Vikings, Cross-country skiing (not really an export). Come to Norway, it’s better than Kenya! norway norway Quite possibly the coolest and most profitable country in the whole world.


03/26/12 @ 11:36
Comment from: C'est moi senait [Visitor]
C'est moi senait

Too much talking that dirty politics. Change never come by talking rather by action. You want change bring it to addis where weyann rats and Hoddams are easy target.

03/26/12 @ 16:18
Comment from: teshome [Visitor]
teshome

“Ebet”

03/26/12 @ 16:27
Comment from: ALBERTO [Visitor]
ALBERTO

THE MAIN REASON THE NORWAY GOVERNMENT IS RETURNING THOSE authentic good looking ETHIOPIAN REFUGEES IS BECAUSE THE REFUGEES DO NOT INVOLVE IN BI-RACIAL DATINGS OR BI-RACIAL MARRIAGES AS THEY EXPECTED THEM TO DO SO.

.

03/26/12 @ 16:29
Comment from: t7 [Visitor]
t7

Anders Behring Breivik, the July 22, 2011 bomber of the government buildings in Oslo, and mass shooter at a camp of the Workers’ Youth League (AUF) of the Labour Party on the island of Utøya where he killed 69 people, mostly teenagers, might very well be a factor in all of this. As usuall, westerners have a way of victimizing the saints, the persecuted and the innocents alike.

03/26/12 @ 21:17
Comment from: rahwa [Visitor]
rahwa

Al didn’t care about any body. He is trying to score a point and blame the Ethiopia government. One day American government may hand brhanu nega to the ethiopian authority to serve his punishment. You never know. Europe is feedup with asylum seekers. The bad economy is making it worst. This should be a lesson for you wannbe politicians, don’t be against your countries progress, one day, you may be forced to live there. Don’t be like cursed Al Mariam who hates Ethiopian so much he is creating an organzation with friends of Lake Turkana to stop Ethiopian from using its rivers. If you have nothing to offer, wish her peace. As the song’s of Teddy. Be cher will udder yasadegegn mender or aged will do.

03/26/12 @ 23:22
Comment from: Seble [Visitor]
Seble

Here is a fact about Norway. had it not for their oil,they would have been dirt poor. Two questions you are asked even by illiterate,hard headed norwegian in their street. When did you come and when are you leaving their disgusting country with their awful language. even for some of us who happen to study there,it was a night mare. the first day I laid my leg in that freaking ice cold country and ice cold people, i decided I need to get out of this fu… en country. Back home in Ethiopia,life is I tell you,much better. The most xenophobic people and racist people you can imagine. If they some how mistaken yo for an american,you see in their fucken eye how they get excited in a split second, America is their big daddy,protector from Russians possible intrusion some day. any ways that is my experience. Nothing to lose from getting back to ethiopia, you would never any ways,would have integrated to their racist

03/27/12 @ 00:04
Comment from: john john [Visitor]
john john

If any one notice the protester banner is mark 2008 when Ethiopian Government has some kind of collusion with Norway Aoutority involvement with oppostion it’s out dated we are 2012.

03/27/12 @ 00:04
Comment from: JonesHenry [Visitor]
JonesHenry

Norway only excepts SLAVES through “International adoption”

Shame on you Norway!

03/27/12 @ 00:46
Comment from: ameneshewa [Visitor]  
ameneshewa

this is a good example of refugees specially talking so much about their mother land in NORWAY, when our prime minister meeting in OSLO protesting for nothing and like enemy of our mother land they were downgrading our democracy this is democracy of Norway to expel refugee

03/27/12 @ 03:35
Comment from: Shameful [Visitor]
Shameful

I do not understand why Ethiopians need to leave the country today:):)

Where is the development?
Where is WE ARE THE POWER!
WE ARE THE BEST OF THE BEST IN THE HORN OF AFRICA! WE WILL TEACH YOU HOW TO BEHAVE! ZERAF! ZERAF! ZERAf! Kind of woyane retoric:):):)

We are all refugees,
We are all hungry,
We all hate war,
we all hate devastation,
we all need peace of mind!!!

Leave the people of the Horn Alone! Meles.

03/27/12 @ 06:33
Comment from: Korrerima [Visitor]
Korrerima

No way for Ethiopians in Norway
Yes way for Alemayehu G. Mariam in Norvik.

03/27/12 @ 16:18
Comment from: Dawit [Visitor]  
Dawit

I first hand witness. Becuase, I have lived in that country called Norway for two solid years to complete my masters study. And, all I see was a bunch of retarded white people who even cannot appropriately say “hi"..They all are scared homophobic ugly white people…the narcissism of the people has no pound. They talk as if that dark and cold country was heaven. Even the most educated people are sniffing for appreciation and admiration in every single min. I remember a professor constantly comparing that little nose to mouth country with the blessed nation of U.S.A..I used to laugh for myself listening to that bastard so called professor pestering us with his also narcissism.
I am sure no one will believe this fact..their racism is out of control. Their education system is so funny…One of their elite researcher published an article claiming that all immigrants from developing countries have mental retardation…Ethiopian are the most stupid of all the immigrant communities…If you stay in Norway this is all what you learn.
My two year stay there, was earthly hell. I did not even wait a day to leave that land of the retarded, after completing my studies. The sad thing was, that degree I toiled was no good back here in the US…but i did not complain here, I had already understood how retarded their education system was.
i am also the first hand witness of the leaving condition of the immigrants who are leaving in Norway. Everybody i met was crying. they work worse than a slave…the working condition is the most horrible I overseen..our Ethiopian boys and girls are forced to work outside on a worse weather conditions…sometimes less than -70 degree Far..
Over all, that really would be a great thing for all Ethiopian to leave that cursed country of the Sodom before it is to late. The Norwegian are the most in-secured and narcissistic of all people in the world. I would like to call up on all Ethiopians over there, to come forward and not lie, ..come forward and witness your horrible life there…You should happily end your misery and go back to your home sweet home..or come to the U.S.A - second home to all Ethiopians. You will dream will come true!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

03/28/12 @ 02:40
Comment from: Tulu Proud ET [Visitor]
Tulu Proud ET

Get rid of the beastly Woyanes.

The result of Woyanes empty false propaganda shows how people are living in and out of Ethiopia. That is the reflective of how Woyane regime has failed and damaging to Ethiopia.

Ethiopians who run from the unbearable life in Ethiopia again are subjected to another sufferings.

No body respect Ethiopia and Ethiopians. Europe and all other countries know that the Woyane regime in Ethiopia is not a reputable and which is consumed with greed and repression. Citizens are left to fend for themselves. Revolution is the only solution.

03/28/12 @ 20:32
Comment from: kocney [Visitor]
kocney

Just to begin with the man from “NASHVILLE” are you realated or have a blood from the vikings my point is that why are you hyping them up? what ever wealth they have what ever they proud of themselves they shouldnot forget the value human being.And the one thing I would like to say to you is I appreciate your analytical presentation of the country but as a country or as part of the world they should have approach the matter in a civilized manner Not by bribing like third world way

03/29/12 @ 15:12

rebtel

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