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06/04/07

  02:57:32 pm, by admin, 775 words  
Categories: Business, Ethiopia, Health

Ethiopia 'Hospitals without doctors'

Ethiopia 'Hospitals without doctors'

By Andualem Sisay

Capital

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia -
As the number of doctors joining private hospitals and migrating to the developed nations increases some government hospitals have virtually no doctors. Minister of Health, Dr. Tewodros Adhanom, urged Ethiopian health professionals to commit themselves and stay on their jobs.

The Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital
The Addis Ababa Fistula Hospital (Photo WHO)

“The salary you get in Ethiopia could be lower than anywhere also, but you have to be proud that your sacrifice results in a better future for our children and our country,” he said. “Besides, the Ministry is trying to provide a monetary incentive package. You have to work on your individual commitment to reverse the crisis that we are facing.”
Describing the situation, “At the moment, our hospitals are running out of doctors. In fact, it is difficult to call these institutions hospitals anymore, since there are hospitals without even one doctor,” stated the Minister, while opening the 43rd Conference of the Annual Ethiopian Medical Association on May 30, 2007 at the Economic Commission for Africa, (ECA) Hall.


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Special Section: Health

Health professionals and especially doctors leaving to developed nations has been an unfortunate phenomenon in most African countries including Ethiopia, where the situation is getting worse. To curb the problem, the Ministry of health is recently working on a short-term package of incentives for doctors that includes salary increments, research grants, training opportunities and awards that give due recognition to their work.

In addition, the Ministry is working towards a new strategy of retention and production that shifts its dependency on doctors. The Ministry is now focusing more on training 30,000 nurses for emergency surgery and health extension workers by 2010 twenty hospitals that can serve as teaching hospitals have been identified by the ministry.
“It is not a new practice that we are introducing to the world; It has been tested and proved by some African states and it was even tried during the Second World War,” Tewodros said. For this purpose,
The World Health Organization (WHO), recommends a minimum ratio of 100 nurses for every 100,000 people, but many poor countries hardly come close: In the Central African Republic, Liberia and Uganda, for example, the ratio is less than 10 nurses per 100,000 people, as compared to more than 2,000 nurses per 100,000 people in Finland and Norway.

The Ethiopian Ministry of Health is also collaborating with health professionals associations in the country to finalize the long-term incentive package within the coming six month, according to Dr.Tewodros.

The 2005 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), maternal and child health indicators in Ethiopia show considerable room for improvement. Only 27.6 percent of mothers who had had a live birth in the five years before the survey had received any antenatal care from a health professional, and only 5.7 percent were attended by a health professional during delivery.

Much lower results for these measures in rural areas suggest that ensuring universal delivery of health services to the entire population will be a lengthy process.

Infant mortality was reported at about 77 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in the five years preceding the survey, a slight decline from 83 infant deaths per 1,000 live births for the previous nine years before this latest survey.

The annual exodus of 20,000 nurses and doctors from Africa is magnifying an already grave public health situation in the region most affected by AIDS and with high maternal mortality. For instance, in 1999, Ghana certified 320 new nursing graduates and lost the same number to emigration. The following year, it lost twice as many. Meanwhile, more than half of Ghana’s nursing positions are unfilled.
This pattern prevails throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa. Africa as a continent gets only 1.3 per cent of the world’s health workers while it carries 25 per cent burden of disease, according to WHO 2004.
To meet the UN Millennium Development Goals, sub-Saharan Africa will need one million more health workers – including 620,000 nurses. But many countries are losing ground.

According to the 2006 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Report on Migration, providing improved social and economic conditions in the sending countries is believed to minimize factors that make people leave their countries in search of self-improvement.

In addition, promoting regularized consultative processes on international migration at global, regional and sub-regional levels and supporting bi-lateral and Multi-lateral agreements between sending and receiving countries are also among the recommendations of the report.

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  02:37:58 pm, by admin, 324 words  
Categories: Business, Ethiopia, Health

Ethiopia - A new 100 mln Birr Pharmaceutical company began production

Ethiopia - Cadila launches drug production

Latest Ethiopian:-Indian venture first by the multinational in East Africa

By Andualem Sisay

Capital

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia -
A new 100 mln birr medicine factory, Cadila Pharmaceuticals Limited, which is operating in 43 countries throughout the world, has begun production in Akaki-Kaliti sub city.

Pharmaceuticals
File Photo: Cadila Pharmaceuticals

The factory is an Indo-Ethiopian joint venture with local company ALMETA Impex and Indian parent company Cadila Pharmaceuticals, with the expatriates holding the majority shares. According to Mr. Nalini Nayak, Marketing Manager of Cadila, the factory will be the first of its kind in East Africa, when it will soon be qualified by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA).

Cadila India has recently qualified to the World health Organization (WHO) Good Management Practice (GMP). "Ethiopia has a very good potential market, which is not yet explored," said Mr.Nayak. Besides, we are happy to work in Ethiopia; where there is a strict drug regulation. It is difficult to find such an atmosphere in other African countries," he said.

Nearly 200 employees have begun operations at CADILA Pharmaceuticals. Anti biotics, anti-malarias, anti-acids, anti-fungal and multivitamins are the medicines that the company is currently producing. Anti-tuberculosis and anti-AIDS drugs are also being planed for production.

In addition to local demand, CADILA Pharmaceuticals will also export its products to neighboring markets such as Kenya, Sudan, Uganda and Djibouti.

Sunshine, Addis, Bethlehem, Pharmacur and Epharm Pharmaceuticals are the existing factories engaged in medicine production. The opening of CADILA Pharmaceuticals will raise the number of medicine factories to six.

CADILA Pharmaceuticals was established in 1951. It has over five decades of equity in pharmaceuticals and is ranked among the top 10 pharma-companies in India. Cadila Pharmaceuticals covers the largest range of therapeutic groups in the Indian pharmaceuticals industry.

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  09:57:41 am, by admin, 297 words  
Categories: Ethiopia, Somalia

Ethiopia troops kill would-be Somali suicide bomber

Ethiopian troops kill would-be Somali suicide bomber

MOGADISHU, June 4 (Reuters)
- Ethiopian soldiers shot dead a would-be suicide bomber on Monday, blowing up his vehicle as it raced toward their command headquarters in the Somali capital, a security official said.

"An Ethiopian sharpshooter on a rooftop fired a machinegun at the car, instantly killing the suicide bomber and blowing up the car, which was filled with explosives," the official told Reuters on condition of anonymity.

An 18-year-old man walking nearby was injured, the official said.

Adam Salad Adam
Adam Salad Adam, a suspected suicide bomber speaks during a video made by a Islamic insurgent Somali group that the Associated Press obtained Wednesday May 23, 2007. Islamic insurgents in Somalia have created the video showing Adam reciting prayers from the Quran before apparently blowing himself up in a suicide blast, the latest sign that extremists are adopting tactics used by radical groups in Iraq, Afghanistan and the Middle East as they carry out their guerrilla war. (AP Photo/Via AP Television)

The would-be attacker had already raced his car through two checkpoints, where Ethiopian and Somali government troops had opened fire on the vehicle, the official said.

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A Reuters reporter heard the explosion, which occurred in a western area of the city on a major route in and out of the seaside capital.

The incident came one day after a suicide bomber detonated a vehicle rigged with explosives at the compound of Somali Prime Minister Ali Mohamed Gedi, killing seven people.

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  01:38:25 am, by admin, 143 words  
Categories: Business, Ethiopia

Ethiopia has obtained $324 million dollar from coffee

Ethiopia has obtained close to 324.5 million USD from export of coffee over the past 10 months, said the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.
Starbucks Ethiopia dispute
Agricultural Products Export Department head with the Ministry, Assefa Mulugeta told Ethiopian News Agency on the weekend that the country has exported 136,600 tons of coffee by the period reported.

He said the volume of coffee exported during the reported period exceeded that of last year's by 26 percent while the earnings surpasses by 24.5 percent.

The coffee was exported to 48 countries, while Germany, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Belgium, U.S., Italy, France and the Sudan were among the major export destinations.

The number of countries that imported Ethiopian coffee has increased by 12, he said.

Source: ENA

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  01:07:20 am, by admin, 167 words  
Categories: Ethiopia, Culture and Society

Surge in Adoptions Raises Concern in Ethiopia

Link: http://www.nytimes.com/2007/06/04/us/04adopt.html?ex=1338696000&en=b886055db3427f99&ei=5124&partner=permalink&exprod=permalink

Surge in Adoptions Raises Concern in Ethiopia


NY Times

"Ethiopia now ranks 5th among countries for adoption by Americans"

ST. PAUL — Ethiopia was not on Mark and Vera Westrum-Ostrom’s list when they first visited Children’s Home Society & Family Services here to explore an international adoption.

"Even before the actress Angelina Jolie put adoption in Ethiopia on the cover of People magazine in 2005, the number of adoptions there by Americans was growing. The total is still small — 732 children in 2006, out of a total of 20,632 foreign adoptions, but it is a steep increase, up from 82 children adopted in 1997."

Ethiopia now ranks 5th among countries for adoption by Americans, up from 16th in 2000. In the same period, the number of American agencies licensed to operate there has skyrocketed from one to 22.


Read Complete Story including Multimedia from The NY Times

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